day has special socio-cultural, economic and historical significances for the
Sikhs. It is the harbinger of the prolific spring and harvest season for the
mainly agriculturist Sikh society of the Punjab, known as the breadbasket of
India. The end of inclement winter weather and beginning of the clement spring
season, when the flora blossoms and embellishes the ambient ecosystem evoke in
Sikh community too a sense euphoria.
Sikhism professes that the God created all days equal, i.e. no day is holier
than the other, it does not prescribe celebration of dogmatically designated
holy days. In fact Sikhism proscribes attaching special religious import to such
days. However this day has special historical significance for Sikhs because on
this day in 1699 the tenth and the last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Sahib
initiated the extant Sikh baptismal ceremony. This historical day marks the
metamorphosis of the Sikhism into Khalsa Panth (Noble Nation) and re-definition
of its role in the contemporary multi socio-religious and cultural society of
India and global community at-large.
founded by Guru Nanak (1469-1539 CE) in the late fifteenth century had to fight
the overt Islamic Jihad. The Sikh Gurus practiced what they preached. Armed with
the courage of their convictions, they faced adversity with fortitude and
professed valor (not militancy) in face of persecution and advocated taking up
arms, to redress injustice, only as a last resort. Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, in
Zaffernama, a literary masterpiece poetic missive in Persian, to tyrannical
Mogul ruler Aurangzeb castigating him and his atrocious administration quoted,
all other means to redress injustice fail, taking sword in hand is
justified." Sheikh Saadi
counter the state sponsored Muslim onslaught i.e. Jihad against the Indian
Sub-continent’s contemporary Non-Muslim populace's socio-religious freedom,
Guru Gobind Singh Sahib convened a large assembly of the Sikhs from all over the
Indian sub-Continent on Vasakhi day, 30th march 1699. The Guru Sahib
initiated and administered the Sikh baptismal rite to a vast majority of the
devout Sikh volunteers at the assemblage to evoke the virtue of valor in them.
The baptized Sikhs were characterized as a Khalsa (noble warriors) and given a
distinct identity. The Guru Sahib redefined Sikhism as Khalsa Panth (Nation) and
entrusted it the role to fight political tyranny, socio-cultural injustice and
defend universal religious freedom. A Muslim Sufi poet Bullay Shah writes,
there were no Guru Gobind Singh, everyone would have had circumcision",
meaning everyone in India would have been converted to Islam.
the past the Sikhs used to assemble, if and when they were not being hunted and
massacred by the tyrannical Mogul Imperial forces or foreign invaders, on
Vasakhi day at Amritsar to celebrate and/or discuss ways and means of survival.
In the recent times they have been congregating at Anandpur, Punjab, the
birthplace of Khalsa, to celebrate the Vasakhi Day that now falls on 14th
April compared to 30th March in 1699 A.D.
the Sikh calendar was synchronous with the millenniums old Hindu lunar calendar
that is longer than the universal Gregorian calendar, the Vasakhi Day has been
lagging behind the dates of the latter. A Sikh scholar, Pal Singh Puréwal has,
recently, prepared a Sikh calendar, ‘Nanakshahi calendar’ that is consistent
with the one in universal use. The attempts of some rational Sikh scholars,
leaders and intelligentsia to adopt new calendar and rectify the anomalous
inconsistency has been thwarted by the illicit Sikh high priests, superiors
gurus and self anointed saints’ regressive syndicate. The analytical,
progressive Sikh elements continue to persist and prevail in adopting Sikh
Nanakshahi calendar that is synchronous with the Gregorian calendar.
Home Page:- www.sikhsundesh.net