gurU sfihbfn dIaF sLhIdIaF

crnjIq isMG bl

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afdrsLvfdI iswK gurU sfihbfn aqy iswKI nfl sMbMDq BgqF ny muZ qoN hI inrBYqf nfl jLulm nUM BMizaf, jLflm nUM vMgfiraf, mjLlUm dI shfieqf kIqI[ aqy Dfrimk suqMqrqf, smfijk brfbrqf, inaFkfrI rfjnIqI dy isDFqF aqy muZly mnuKI aiDkfrF nUM pRcfiraf vI aqy rfKI vI kIqI. AunHF dI smsr idRsLtI ivc kOm, nsl, jfq, pfq, Drm, afid df koeI ivqkrf nhIN sI| gurU gRMQ sfihb dI gurbfxI aqy aslI gur ieiqhfs gurU sfihbfn dI inrpwK aqy inrBY socxI, kQnI, krnI aqy DfrnI dI BrpUr gvfhI Brdy hn|

avil alh nUru Aupfieaf, kudriq ky sB bMdy||

eyk nUr qy sBu jgu Aupijaf, kAun Bly ko mMdy] rfgu BrbfqI, kbIr jI, pMnf 1349

rfjy sIh mukdm kuqy] jfie jgfiein bYTy suqy] rfgu mlfr kI vfr, m:1 pMnf 1288

sfhF suriq gvfeIaf rMig qmfsY cfie]

bfbrvfxI iPir geI kuieru n rotI Kfie] rfgu afsf, m:1 pMnf 417

BY kfhU kAu dyq nih, nih BY mfnq afn]

khu nfnk suin ry mnf igafnI qfih bKfin] slok m: 9 pMnf 1427

gurU arjn dyv jI dI sLhIdI

iehI afdrsL gurU arjn dyv sfihb aqy gurU qyg bfhfhur sfihb dIaF sLhIdIaF dy kfrn bxy sn| pRfpq ieiqhfsk gvfhI anusfr akbr hor mugl bfdsLfhF dy tfkry inaFkfrI aqy inrpwK rfjnIqk sI. Ausdf nfqf afpxy akloqy byty sLrfbI kbfbI sLfhjLfdf (slIm) jhFgIr, nflL bhuqf cMgf hIN sI. akbr afpxy mgroN rfj afpxy poqry Kusro noN dyxf cfhuMdf sI. pr jhFgIr ny kwtVpMQI muslmfnF nfl gMZ joV krky akbr dI mOq qoN mgroN sMn 1605 ivc rfj gwdI hwiQaf leI. jhFgIr ny rfj gwdI dvfEx vfly smRQkF nfl vfadf kIqf sI ik Auh afpxy rfj ivc ieslfm qoN Cuwt iksy hor Drm nUM pRPuwlq nhIN hox dyvygf|

ikAuNik ies smyN pMjvyN gurU (nfnk), arjn dyv jI dI rfhbrI df sdkf iswKI pRPuwlq ho rhI sI, jhFgIr gurU arjn dyv jI nUM ieslfm df rfhbr bxfAuxf jF AuhnF nUM sLhId krnf cfhuMdf sI. afpxy sfQIaf nflL kIqy vfady nUM pUrf krn df Aus nUM EdoN mOkf imlL igaf jdoN Aus df bytf sLfhjLfdf Kusro bgfvq ivc hfr, BgOVf ho ky goiedvfl dy rfh aPgfinsqfn vwl nUM jf irhf sI. jhFgIr Aus df ipwCf krdf aqy rfh ivc Kusro dy smRQkF nUM dMz idMdf lhOr puj igaf. sLfied Ausdy dy eIrKflU slfhkfrF df sdkf, EQy Aus ny gurU arjn dyv jI ivruwD Kusro nUM asLIrvfd dyx df JUTf dosL lf ky hukm idwqf ik, 'gurU jI nUM kYd krky pysL kIqf jfvy aqy AuhnF df asbfb aqy bwcy murqjLf KF dy hvfly kIqy jfx.'

Aus dy JUT df pfj ies qwQ qoN KulHdf hY ik Auh idwlI qoN Kusro df ipwCf krdf rfh ivc Kusro dy hor smRQkF nUM PVH ky dMz idMdf lfhOr puwj igaf sI pr Aus ny goieMdvfl qoN lMGdy ny gurU sfihb qoN puwC igwC nhIN sI kIqI. ies JUT dI pusLtI 'qujLk-ey-jhFgIrI' ivc Aus dI afpxI ilKq qoN huMdI hY.

"goieMdvfl ivc, ijhVf ik ibafs dy kMZy Auwqy hY, pIrF aqy sLyKF dy ilbfs ivc arjn nfm df iek ihMdU sI, ijs ny bhuq sfry Boly-Bfly ihMdUaF nUM hI nhIN, sgoN bysmJ qy mUrK muslmfnF nUM vI afpxI mrXfdf ivc Psf ky pIrI df avfjLf bulMd kIqf hoieaf sI. Auh Aus nUM gurU afKdy sn. sfrIaF qrPF qoN lok af ky Aus pRqI sLrDf df pRgtfvf krdy sn. iqn cfr pusLqF qoN AuhnF ny ies dukfn nUM grm rwiKaf hoieaf sI. bhuq smyN qoN myry mn ivc ieh iKafl AuT rhf sI ik ies JUT dI dukfn nUM bMd krnf cfhIdf hY. jF Aus nUM muslmfn bxf lYxf cfhIdf hY. ----. mYN hukm idwqf ik Aus nUM pysL kIqf jfvy aqy Aus df mfl asbfb jLbq kIqf jfvy aqy Aus dy bwcy murqjLf KF dy hvfly kIqy jfx. Aus nUM isafsq aqy Xfsf anusfr dMz idwqf jfvy."

keI ieiqhfskfrF anusfr gurU jI nUM cMdU, jo ik gurU sfihb df doKI sI, dy hvfly kIqf igaf. ies bfry iksy BrosyXog sroq qoN pusLtI nhIN huMdI. gurU sfihb nUM qsIhy dy ky rfvI diraf ivc suwt ky sLhId kIqf igaf, ies kihr dI pusLtI hr ieiqhfsk pusk qoN inrsMdyh huMdI hY.

gurU qyg bhfdur jI dI sLhIdI

vihmI aOrMgjLyb, ijs ny bfdsLfhq hiDafAux leI afpxy bfp sLfh jhfn nUM BuwKy-iDafey rwK ky aqy iqMn BrfvF nUM DoKybfjL rfjnIqI nfl mfr idwqf sI, nUM gurU qyg bhfdr jI iswKI pRcfr krnf rfj plty df swdf jfpdf sI| aqy Aus dI sLih nfl hor DrmF dy lokF nUM jbrI muslmfn bxfieaf jFdf sI| dwisaf jFdf hY ik inqf-pRqI bhuigxqI ihMdUaF dy jnyAU lfh ky sfVy jFdy sn| jo jbrI muslmfn bxfey jfx qoN ienkfr jrdy AuhnF nUM kql kIqf jFdf|

Aus smyN iePLqKLfr KLF (sn 1671-1675) ksLmIr df gvrnr sI| Auys ny ksLmIr dy sfry ihMdUaF nUM jLbrI muslmfn bxfAux df bIVf cuikaf hoieaf sI| isK gurU sfihbfnF dI Dfrimk susMqRqf aqy mnuwKI aiDkfrF dI rfKI krn dy afdrsL dy snmuwK dIn-duKI ksLmIrI pMizq afnMdpur afey qy gurU qyg bhfdur jI nUM bynqI kIqI ik Auh AuhnF dI muslmfnI jbr qoN rwiKaf krn| gurU jI ny AuhnF nUM iswK gurU Gr vwloN AuhnF dI rwiKaf krn Brosf idwqf| ies Gtnf bfry Bwt vhI ivcoN: -

‘BfeI ikRpf rfm bytf afVU rfm kf, poqf nrYx dfs kf, pVpoqf bRhm dfs kf, bMs Tfkr kI, dwq goqrf muJfl, bfsI mtn, dysL ksLmIr sMmq sqrF sY bqIs (1732, sMn 1675) jyT mfsy sudI iekfdsI ky idhu (idn) KoVs (16) bRfhmno gYl grfm cwk nfnkI (anMdpur) pRgnf kihlUr gurU qyg bhfdur jI mhl nfmf ky drbfr afie PLirafdI hUaf| gurU jI ny iesy DIrj deI, bcn hoaf qusF kI rKsLf bfbf nfnk jI krYgf| (Bwt vhI mulqfnI isMDI, Kfqf blAuqoN kf)|’

srkfrI jfsUsF ny ies imlxI, bynqI aqy gurU jI dy idwqy Brosy dI sUcnf aOrMgjLb nUM AupVf idwqI| aOrMgjLyb nUM gurU jI df iswKI pRcfr aqy lokF nUM iswK gurU Gr vwloN Dfrimk susMqRqf dI rwiKaf krn df Brosf Aus dI kwtV Dfrimk aqy rfjsI nIqI ivruD Kqry dI GMtI jfpx lwg pey| Aus ny hsn abdfl qoN gurU jI dI igRPqfrI df hukm dy idwqf|

‘qyg bhfdur rf igRPqfr mykund Au mihbUs| cUnfic hsbAul hukm bfaml afmd’ Bfv hukm hoieaf ik gurU qyg bhfdur jI nUM kYd kIqf jfey| gurU sfihb anMdpur qoN bfhr ikDry jfx leI jd ropV dy lfgy ipMz mulkpur rMgVF ivc rfq Tihry qF sUhIaF ny ieh KLbr qurMq hI ropV dy koqvfl nUM pucf idqI| gurU jI dI igRPqfrI bfry Bwt vhIaF ivcoN: -

‘gurU qyg bhfdur jI mwhl nfmF ko nUr muhMmd KLfn imrjLf cOkI ropV vfly ny 12 sfvx sfl sqrf sY bqIs (1732, 12 julfeI 1675), pRivsty bfrF mlkpur, prgnf GnAulf sy pkV kr srhMd phuMcfieaf, sfQ sqI dfs, mqI dfs byty hIrf ml iCbV ky, sfQ idafl dfs bytf mfeI dfs blAuq kf pkiVaf afieaf, cfr mfh srhMd aOr idlI bMdI-KLfny mY rhy|’ (Bwt vhI mulqfnI isMDI, Kfqf blAuq kf)| ies dI igRPqfrI bfry pusLtI Bwt vhI pUrbI dwKxI qy keI hor sUqrF qoN vI huMdI hY|

aOrMgjLyb dy hukm dI AuzIk kfrn kuJ icr gurU jI nUM srihMd kYd ivc rwiKaf igaf| gulfm husYn dI PfrsI pusqk ‘sIar-Aul-muqfKrIn’ ivc ies bfry ilKq df pMjfbI AulwQf kuJ ies pRkfr hY, ‘kuJ idnF mgroN qyg bhfdr bfry dUjf hukm af igaf ik Aus nUM sLhId kr idwqf jfvy aqy Aus dy srIr dy tukVy krky sLihr dy afly-duafly tMg idwqy jfx|’ gurU jI nUM AuhnF dy 11 nvMbr dI sLhIdI vfly idn qoN pMj swq idn pihlF idwlI ilaFdf igaf| muslmfn bxn qoN AuwkI nfh krn krky gurU jI nUM qsIhy idwqy gey| AuhnF nUM BY-BIq krnL leI AuhnF dy sfhmxy AuhnF dy sfQI mqI dfs jI nUM afry nfl cIr idwqf, idaflf jI nUM jINidaF kVfhy ivc Aubfilaf igaf aqy sqI dfs jI nUM srIr duafly rUM vlyHt ky ijMdf sfV idwqf | aKIr gurU jI nUM vI kql kIqf igaf|

Auprokq ilKqF qoN isD huMdf hY gurU qyg bhfdur sfihb dI sLhIdI dy muK kfrn ieh sn,

1.     gurU sfihb dI lok-ipRXqf krky srkfrI hlikaF ivc ieh smiJaf jfx lwg ipaf ik gurU jI coKI sLkqI pYdf krky rfj leI Kqrf iswD ho skdy sn|

2.     BytfvF aqy cVHfivaF nUM gUrU sfihb vwloN jbrI kr vsUl krnf mwn ilaf igaf|

3.     gurU sfihb dy mjLlUmF nUM aiqafcfr df tfkrf krn dy AupdysL aqy ksLmIrI pMzqF pRqI pRgtfeI hmdrdI nUM aOrMgjLyb ny afpxI kwtV Dfrimk nIqI dI pUrqI dy rfh ivc rukfvt smiJaf|

jy pihly do kfrnF nUM swc mwn ilaf jfvy qF ieh isD huMdf hY ik gurU sfihb iswKI mUl ivcfrDrf dy ivruD rfj-Bfg aqy Dn-sMpqI dy aiBlfsLI sn|

qIjy kfrn nUM smJx ivc afdrsLI gurU sfihb dI mUl-ivcfDfrf qoN bhuigxqI axjfx iswK tplf Kf jFdy hn| Auh ieh smJx qoN asmrQ hn ik gurU sfihb iksy iek Drm dy iKlfP dUsry Drm df pwK lYx bfry soc vI nhIN sn skdy| gurU sfihb ny ksLmIrI pMzqF nUM DIrj aqy hOslf dIn duKI jfx ky aqy iswKI isDFq ‘Dfrimk suqMRqf’ dI rfKI krn ihq idwqf nf ik ihMdU jfx ky| jy Aus smyN ihMdU rfjsI jF Dfrimk aiqafcfr qoN pIVq muslmfn gurU sfhb kol af Pirafd krdy qF gurU sfihb ny AuhI slUk AunHF nfl vI krnf sI jo ksLmIrI pMzqF nfl kIqf|

ieh dlIl, ik gurU qyg bhfdur jI dI sLhIdI df kfrn ksLmIrI pMzqF jF ihMdU Drm dI riKaf krky sI, pRcfrnI jF mwn lYxI gurU jI nUM pwKvfd dy klMk nfl dUsLq krnf hY| aqy afr: aYs: aYs: dy ies dfavy dI proVqf krnI hY ik iswK Drm ihMdU Drm df aMg hY aqy ies dI sfjxf kyvl ihMdUaF dI rKsLf leI kIqI geI sI|

alfhfbfd XunIvrstI dy mwDkfl ieiqhfs ivBfg dI zf: rItf josLI ny gur ieiqhfs qy iswK ieiqhfs bfry inrol JUT ilK idwqf hY| Auh sfry ieiqhfskfrI nXmF nUM BMg aqy iswK mUl ivcfrDfrf qy isDFqF df Gfx krdI hoeI afpxI pusqk ‘aOrMgjLyb qy ihMdUaF nfl Aus dy sbMD’ dy 101-105 pMinaF Auqy ilKdI hY,

“hkIkq ivc iswK Drm iek Drm nhIN sI, iek iPrkf sI jo ihMdU Drm dy asUlF Auqy Ausfiraf sI| gurU nfnk qoN mgrly gurU BgqI mfrg nUM Cwz ky sMsfrI Kl jgn ivc pY gey| Dfrimk tYks Augrfhx lwg pY| iswKF dIaF rfjsI gqIivDIaF dy bfvjUd aOrMgjLyb ny isKF dy mfmilaF ivc koeI dKl nhIN idwqf| aOrMgjLyb Drm inrpwK sI| iswKF qy muglF df twkrfa 1676 ivc hoieaf| gurU qyg bhfdur clfxf kr geY| aOrMgjLyb Auqy dosL lgfieaf igaf ik Aus ny gurU qyg bhfdur nUM sLhId kIqf hY| kuJ iswK ieiqhfskfr kihMdy hn ik iksy nfmflUm bMdy ny gurU qyg bhfdur nUM kql kIqf| aOrMgjLyb gurU nUM mrvf ky pMjfb ivc AuQwl puQwl ikAuN cfhygf jdoN ik iswK Aus leI 1663 qoN 1675 qk lgfqfr musIbq bxy hoey sn| lokF nUM Aus ivruD BVkf rhy sn qy lokF koloN jbrI tYks Augrfh rhy sn|”

“hkIkq ivc gurU qyg bhfdur jfx buJ ky afpxI mrjLI nfl sLhId hoxf cfhuMdy sn ikAuNik ies smyN (iswKF) ivc gurgwdI leI ksLmksL cwl rhI sI| Auh afps ivc vMzy hoey sn| gurU sLhId ho ky Drm dy nF qy AunHF ivc eykqf ilafAuxf cfhuMdy sn qfik iswK eykqf pwkI qy jQybMd kIqI jf sky| ies leI aOrMgjLyb iksy vI qrHF gurU dI mOq leI ijLmyvfr nhIN sI| Aus Auwpr gurU dI mOq df dosL lfAuxf ainXf hovygf| sLurU ivc iswKF ny sMGrsL kIqf pr gurU goibMd isGM ny hfr qy eIn mMn leI| aOrMgjLyb dI mOq mgroN bhfdur sLfh ny gurU goibMd isGM nUM afpxy mfqihq nOkrI dy idqI| ies qrHF aOrMgjLyb aqy iswKF ivckfr twkrfAu Kqm ho igaf| ies twkrfAu ivc aOrMgjLyb jyqU irhf| ibnf sLk aOrMgjLyb mugl-iswK twkr leI ijLmyvfr nhIN sI, nf hI Aus ny gurU qyg bhfdur nUM mrvfieaf sI|”

zf: rItf josLI dy ies JUT dy pulMdy nUM jy swc mMn ilaf jfvy qF iswD huMdf hY ik,

(1) iswK Drm ihMdU Drm df iek iPrkf hY|

(2) gurU nfnk sfihb dy AuqrfiDkfrI iswK gurU sfihbfn BgqI mfrg qoN KuMJ ky sMsfrI Kl jgn ivc pY geY sn aqy rfj Bfg aqy DMn-sMpqI dy aiBlfsLI sn|

(3) gurU qyg bhfdur sfihb dI sLhIdI df kfrn AunHF dI afpxI kuitl nIqI sI|

(4) aOrMgjLyb Drm inrpwK sI aqy gurU sfihb dI sLhIdI vjoN Auh inrdosL sI|

(5) gurU qyg bhfdr sfihb sLhId ho ky iswKLF ivc eykqf ilafAuxf cfhuMdy sn|

zf: rItf dI Auprokq ilKq qoN iek sDfrn mnuwK vI inrnf kr skdf hY ieh JUT df pulMdf hY aqy ilKfrI iswKL Drm dI kwtV ivroDI hY| jF iPr iswK Drm ivroDI qfkqF vloN BfVy qy kIqy gey ttUaF dy vwg ivcoN hY| duKFq ies gwl df hY ik iswK gurU sfihbfn dy afdrsLI jIvnIaF df Gor apmfn, iswKI dI mUl ivcfrDfrf aqy isDFqF df KMzn pRmuK iswK nyqfvF dy idlo-idmfg ivc nsLqr bx ky ikAuN nhIN cuB irhf? hr iswK ivdvfn, buDIjIvI aqy Xog nyqf df krqv hY ik gur ieiqhfs qy iswK ieiqhfs dI sLLuDqf Auqy pihrf dyvy aqy gurmiq aqy pfvn gubfxI dI shI qrjmfnI duafrf kOm nUM syD dyvy|

ies smyN jdoN ik iswK Drm aqy kOm dI hoNd nUM nsLt krn vfsqy keI aiswK aqy aKOqI iswK qfkqF jqnsLIl hn, hr iswK, Kfs krky kiQq iswK afgUaF, isr Auqy BfrI jLumyvfrI hY| aqy smuwcI iswK kOm iehnF afgUaF qoN AumId krdI hY ik ieh afpxI ivdvqf, sUJ-bUJ aqy Xogqf duafrf anoKy Drm nUM ivroDI qfkqF qoN bcfAux dy hIly krn|