rwgmwlw gurbwxI nhIN

crnjIq isMG bl

qrkSIl ivdvwnW, KojI ieiqhwskwrW Aqy pRbIn bRhmigAwnIAW Anuswr rwgmwlw gurbwxI nhIN, nw hI ies nUM iksy gurU swihb ny gurU gRMQ swihb dy AMq ivc cwiVHAw Aqy nW hI auhnW ny iksy hor nUM cwVHn dw AwdyS id`qw[ ieh iksy is`^ dI gurbwxI nwl rwgmwlw dI AsMgqI bwry AigAwnqw jW iksy is`^I ivroDI Ais`^/AKOqI is`^ dI gu`JI cwl dw is`tw hY[ ieh is`^I ivroDI kukrm gurUkwl qoN mgroN audoN hoieAw jdoN is`^I dI vwg-for ibpRnI inrmly swDW, mhMnqW, pujwrIAW Awid dy h`Q-v`s sI[ ies smyN is`^ pMQ mugl srkwr, vzIr Kwn, muhmd Swh AbdwlI, nwdr Swh, zkrIAw Kwn, mIr mMnU, Awid nwl jIvn/mOq dy sMGrS ivc jUJ irhw sI Aqy Awpxy vfmu`ly ivrsy, gurbwxI qy ieiqhws dI rwKI krn qoN AsmrQ sI[

gurbwxI dw mUl mnorQ

gurU gRMQ swihb dy AMq ivc cwVHI hoeI rwgmwlw gurbwxI nw hox dy prmwx ies rwgmwlw qoN hI spSt hn[ gurU swihbwn ny pwvn gurbwxI BwvyN rwgW ivc ilKI hY pr auhnW dw gurbwxI aucwrx Aqy ilKx dw mUl mnorQ mnu`Kqw nUM au`qm AiDAwqimk sUJ, Dwrimk bUJ, BweIcwirk sumyl Aqy praupkwrI smwijk Aqy sdwcwrI mnu`KI jIvn jwc pRdwn krnw hY[ rwgmwlw dw SbdwrQ rwgW dI sUcI jW lVI hY[ ies ivc gurbwxI dy AwdrSk q~q/q`Q Borw mwqr vI nhIN hn[

rwgmwlw dw sroq mwDv nl kwm kWdlw nwmk rcnw

gurU gRMQ swihb dy AMq ivclI rwgmwlw muslmwn sUPI kvI Awlm dI sMn 991 ihjrI (1583 eIsvI) dI ihMdI rcnw iv`coN auqwrw hY[ ieh rcnw pwvn gurbwxI ault rwg Aqy inRq-klw dy do au`c kotI do klwkwrW, iek bRwhmx mwDv nl Aqy iek suMdr kwmnI kwm kMdlw dy kwmuk prym rog dw ik`sw hY[ ies rcnw ivc rwgmwlw 33 AMk dy dohry qoN 38 AMk dy dohry qk hY[ iehnW 6 bMdW ivc kvI Awlm rwj drbwr ivc mwDv nl Aqy kwm kMdlw vloN rwg Aqy inRq mMflI dw rmxIk idRS ivsQwr nwl drswaNdw hY[ ieh q`Q rwgmwlw, ijs dy AwrMBk qy AMqlw AMk hyTW id`qy hn, dy pwT qoN spSt hn[

cOpeI- muK qy auGt imRdMg bjwvih[ Duin ikMnr so bIn imlwvih[

bIn aupMgu bWsrI bwjY[ FwFI jMqR AMimRqI rwjy[

sur mMfl bwjY Gx qMqI[ rudR bIn bwjY bhu BMqI[

Avj qwl kMT qwl bjwvih[ Aginq qwl qrMg sunwivih[

jl qrMg AMimRq kuMflI[ kuMBr bwjY imlI Duin BlI[

dohrw- bwjY srb sMgIq, qq ibrq Gn qwl[bhur Alwipih rwg Kt(6), pMc pMc sMg bwl (puqR)]33]

cOpeI- Kstm (6vW) myG rwg vY (auh) gwvih[ pWcoN sMg brMgin (rwg dIAW iesqRAW) lwvih[

sorT gOf mlwrI DunI[ pun gwvih Awsw gun gnI[

aucy sur sUvih puin kInI[ myG rwg so pWcoN cInI[

bYrwtI gjDr kydwrw[ jlDr Aau nt jblI Dwrw[

pun gwvih sMkr Aru isAwmw[ myG rwg pu`qRin ky nwmw[

dohrw- Kst rwg aun iml khy, sMg rwgnI qIs[ sBY puqR rwgMn ky, ATwrih dsbIs]38]

pr Awlm dI ihMdI ikRq mwDv nl kwm kMdlw ivclI rwgmwlw dw gurU gRMQ swihb ivc pMjwbI ivc auqwrw krn vwly ny AigAAwnqw vs jW guJI cwl ADIn bhuigxqI Boly qy AMDivSvwsI is`^W nUM gumrwh krn leI rwgmwlw 34 AMk qoN AwrMB kIqI hY Aqy kuJ SbdwlvI vI bdl id`qI hY[ ies guJI cwl dI vlyHt ivc BweI vIr isMG vrgy pris`D ivdvwn Ps ky rih gey hn[

cOpeI- rwg eyk sMg pMc brMgn (iesqRIAW[ sMig Alwpih AwTau nMdn (pu`qR)]

prQm rwg Byrv vY krhI[ pMc rwgnI sMg aucrI[

pRQm BYrvI iblwvlI[ puinAw kI gwvih bMglI[

pun AslyKI kI BeI bwrI[ ieh BYroN kI pWcoN nwrI[

pMcm hrK idswK sunwvih[ bMglw mDu mwDv gwvih[

dohrw- lilq iblwvil gwvhI, ApnI ApnI BWiq[ AwT puqR BYrv ky, gwien gwvih pRwiq]34]

rwgmwlw dI Awlm ikRq nwl pUrn sMgqI

Awlm dI ikRq mwDv nl kwm kWdlw nUM piVHAW sDwrn ivAkqI nUM vI spSt ho jWdw hY ik ies ivclI rwgmwlw aus rcnw dw AinKVvW Aqy AtutvW AMg hY Aqy ies dI aus dy ivSy, rUp ryKw, sMDrB Aqy pRsMg nwl pUrn iekswrqw Aqy sMgqI hY[ Pyr aus rcnw dy AMk 34 dI copeI, jo ik gurU gRMQ ivclI rwgmwlw dw pihlw bMd hY, dI AMqlI quk vyKo bMglw mDu mwDv gwvih, ivc mwDv, jo ik ies rcnw dw mu`K pwqr hY, dw nwm spSt id`qw hoieAw hY[ ies ikRq dy AMk 38, jo ik rwgmwlw dw AMqlw bMd hY, qoN vI iehnW q`QW dI puStI huMdI hY[

rwgmwlw dI SbdwvlI Aqy SYlI gurbwxI nwl nhIN imldI

mwDv nl kWm kWdlw ivclI rwgmwlw dI rcnw cOpeIAW, dohirAW Aqy soriTAW ivc hY[ cOpeI dy AMq ivc AMk nhIN, cOpeI dy hyTly dohry jW sorTy dy AMq ivc AMk id`qw hoieAw hY[ gurbwxI dy hr Sbd, AStpdI, CMq, Slok dy isrlyK ivc mhlw jW krqw dw nwm Aqy AKIr ivc AMk id`qw hoeAw hY[ pr gurU gRMQ sihb ivclI rwgmwlw dy krqy dw vrxn nhIN hY Aqy nw hI ies ivc cOpeI, dohrw Aqy sorTw isrlyK hn[ hr bMd dy AMq ivc AMk 1 id`qw hoieAw hY[

rwgmwlw dI SbdwvlI Aqy SYlI bwry pMQ dy mhwn ivdvwn fw: swihb isMG jI itpxI krdy hoey ilKdy hn, "sRI gurU gRMQ sihb dI bwxI ivc ij`Qy ik`Qy BI sMsikRq l&z punh purwxw pMjwbI rUp AwieAw hY auh Puin hY, puin ikqy BI nhIN[ swihqk idRStIkox qoN ieh iek AnoKI g`l hY[ iksy BI gur-ivAkqI ny AwpxI bwxI ivc ieh l&z (pun, puin) nhIN vriqAw[ iPr vyKo isrlyK[ rwgmwlw dy nwl mhlw 1, mhlw 2, mhlw 3, mhlw 4, mhlw 5, Awidk koeI BI l&z nhIN, ij`QoN pwTk ieh inrnw kr sky ik ieh iks gur-ivAkqI dI ilKI hoeI hY"

"swry hI sRI gurU gRMQ sihb ivc ikqy BI koeI Sbd, Slok Awidk drj nhIN, ijs dy ilKx vwly gur-ivAkqI dw inrnw krnw is`^W au`qy C`ifAw igAw hY[ ieQy ieh AnoKI g`l ikauN?["

"sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dy SbdW, AStpdIAW, CMqW nUM iDAwn nwl vyKo[ jdoN ikqy koeI bMd Kqm huMdw hY, qW aus dy AKIr qy AMk id`qw huMdw hY[ aus bMd dw Bwv Awpxy Awp ivc mukml huMdw hY[ pr rwg mwlw dI kwiv bxqr ivc iek AnoKI g`l vyKI jw rhI hY[ cOpeI (dyKo aukq AMk 34, jo ik gurU gRMQ swihb ivclI rwgmwlw dw AwrMBk bMd hY) dIAW A`T qukW dy AKIr qy AMk 1 id`qw hoieAw hY[ pr AKIrlIAW do qukW ivc Brau dy swry pu`qrW dy nwm nhIN Aw sky[ llq Aqy iblwvl do nwm Agly dohry dI quk ivc hn[ aus dohry dy AKIr ivc BI AMk 1 hY[ hr QW AMk 1 dw iliKAw jwxw pwTk dI koeI shwieqw nhIN krdw"

rwgmwlw gurbwxI dy rwgW dI sUcI nwloN vKrI

gurU gRMQ dI bwxI 37 rwgW ivc aucwrI Aqy ilKI hoeI hY[ ies ivcly 6 mu`K rwgW ivcoN isrI rwg pihlw, Aqy Byrau rwg cOvIvW hY[ pr rwgmwlw, ijs dy rwgW, vhutIAW Aqy puqRW dw joV 84 hY, BYrau rwg pihlw Aqy isrI rwg pMjvW hY[

gurU gRMQ swihb dI bwxI ivcly 12 rwgW dw rwgmwlw ivc vrxn nhIN hY Aqy rwgmwlw ivcly 59 rwgW dw vrxn hY jo gurU gRMQ swihb dI bwxI ivc rwg nhIN hn[ ig: rqn isMG bI: ey: bI: tI:

"pwTkW vwsqy ieh hYrwnI vwlI g`l hI hovygI ik sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc vrqy kuJ rwg ies rwg mwlw ivc nhIN hn[ hor bQyry rwgW dw izkr hY jo sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc nhIN hn["fw: swihb isMG jI

BweI kwnH isMG nwBw rwgmwlw bwry

mwDvnl- kwm kMdlw dw pRymI, sMgIq ividAw dw pMifq iek bRwhmx[ mhwn koS, pMnw 963

mwDvwnl sMgIq- mwDvwnl gvYey dw bxwieAw iek sMgIq, ijs dw Anuvwd Awlm kvI ny ihMdI BwSw ivc kIqw hY[ rwgmwlw iesy gRMQ dw iek pwT hY[ mhwn koS, pMnw 963

rwgmwlw- mwDvwnl sMgIq dy, Awlm kiv ikRq, ihMdI Anuvwd ivcoN 63 CMd qoN 72vyN qIk dw pwT, ijs ivc CI rwg, aunHW dIAW pMj pMj rwgxIAW Aqy A`T A`T puqR d`sy hn[ mhwn koS, pMnw 1028

is`^ rihq mrXwdw

"isK rihq mrXwdw dI pihlI AfISn (sMn 1938) ivc iliKAw igAw sI-Bog muMdwvxI au`qy pwieAw jwvy Aqy rwgmwlw nw pVHI jwvy, pr rwgmwlw qoN ibnW sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dI bIV ilKx jW Cwpx dw hIAw koeI nw kry, ikauNik ies g`l bwry pMQ ivc Ajy qk mqByd hY"

"pr ipCoN dIAW AyfISnW ivc ies qrHW soD kr id`qI geI, "Bog muMdwxI au`qy jW rwgmwlw pVH ky, sQwnk rIqI anuswr pwieAw jwvy[ rwgmwlw bwry Ajy qk pMQ ivc mqByd hY, ies leI rwgmwlw qoN ibnW sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dI bIV ilKx jW Cwpx dw hIAw koeI nw kry[" ig: rqn isMG bI: ey: bI: tI:

Awlm kvI

Awlm nwm dy kvI do hoey hn, iek Akbr bwdSwh dy smyN Aqy dUjw gurU goibMd isMG jI (bhwdur Swh) dy smyN[ dovyN hI ihMdI bolI dy kvI sn[ pihlw Awlm muslmwn sUPI kvI sI; Aqy dUjw iek muslmwn AOrq dy ieSk dw fMigAw hoieAw sMsikRq dw ivdvwn ihMdU qoN muslmwn bixAw sI[

"Alama Kavi; author of Madhavnala Kam Kandla Nataka wrote his book in 1583 A.D. (Samat 1640, 991 Hijri) during the reign of Akbar, the great, whom he praises as the depository of knowledge and wealth, and as the Guru of the whole world. He is distinguished from another Alama, who flourished during Bahadur Shahs reign and wrote on erotic suject" Dr. Hira Lall B.A. Research Scholar

sMn, sMmq, ihjrI

Awlm, muslmwn sUPI kvI mwDv nl kwm kWdlw dw ikRq kwl sMmq nO sY iekwnvw AwhI ilKdw hY, jo ik BweI kwnH isMG, SmSyr isMG ASok, igAwnI rqn isMG bI: ey: bI: tI: smyq pRis`D ivdvwnw Anuswr ihjrI sMn hY[ ihjrI (ihjr, ivCoVy dw smW) sMn 622 eIsvI, jdoN muhMmd nUM aus dy ivroDI DVy dy Bwry plVy nwl tkrwau kwrn m`kw C`f ky mdIny nUM Bjxw ipAw sI, qoN AwrMB huMdw hY[

hvwly dy sroq dI sUcI

mwDv nl kwm kWdlw (ikRq kvI Awlm) qy rwgmwlw inrxX (pVcol) sMpwdk SmSyr isMG ASok

rwgmwlw igAwnI rqn isMG bI: ey: bI: tI: voirk, (Warwick) XU: ky:, ausy pusqk ivcoN, (ibidem)

sRI gurU gRMQ swihb drpn fw: swihb isMG

mhwn koS BweI kwnH isMG nwBw

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