is`^ AgvweI

crnjIq isMG bl

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is`^ gurU swihbwn ny Anm`qIAW dy ilqwVy, durkwry hoey inmwxy smwjk AMSW nUM sUeI vWg rMg-brMgI srb-sWJI is`^I dI PulkwrI ivc sIqw sI[ pr gurU kwl qoN mgroN sMprdweI gurU GMtwlW, ByKI swDW, sMqW, ibpRnI mhMqW Aqy k`tVpMQI jQydwrW qy isMG swihbwnW ny kYNcIAW vWg aus PulkwrI nUM v`K v`K fyirAW, tkswlW, dlW, jiQAW, AMimRqDwrI, sihjDwrI DiVAW Awid ivc kqr ky lIro-lIr kr id`qw hY[

dsmyS gurU jI ny 30 mwrc 1699 dI vswKI nUM pMjW ipAwirAW dI prMprw AwrMB ky inAWkwrI, lokrwj rwjnIqk sMklp nUM isDWq bxw id`qw Aqy 6 AkqUbr 1708 nUM ‘Sbd-gurU’ dy sMklp nUM ‘gurU mwinau gRMQ’ dy AwdyS duAwrw isDWq bxw id`qw[ dsmyS jI ny gurU hirgoibMd jI dy drswey mIrI pIrI dy sMklp Aqy isDWq nUM prpk kr id`qw[ aukq sMklpW Aqy isDWqW Anuswr is`^ dw Dwrimk AwgU, Bwv rwhbr, jW pIr gurU gRMQ hY Aqy rwjsI AwgU jW mIr is`K pMQ, ijs ivc pMc prDwn hn, hY[ hor SbdW ivc is`^ Drm dI pIrI gurU gRMQ swihb kol hY Aqy mIrI gurU pMQ, Bwv gurU dy swjy pMQ, kol hY[

bhuigxqI is`^ gurU gRMQ Aqy gurU pMQ dy sMklp Aqy isDWq qoN ieh inrnw krdy hn ik dsmyS jI ny gur g`dI, Bwv guirAweI do AMgW ivc vMf id`qI sI, Bwv Dwrimk AMg gurU gRMQ Aqy rwjsI AMg gurU pMQ[ gurU pMQ dw ArQ gurU dw swijAw hoieAw pMQ hY, A`DI gur g`dI dw vwrs nhIN[ is`^ pMQ dw gurU kyvl jugo-jug Atl guruU grMQ hI hY[ smu`cy isM^ pMQ ny Dwrimk, smwjk jIvn jwc Aqy rwjsI syD gurU grMQ ivclI gurmiq Aqy gurmrXwdw qoN lYxI hI hY[ mIrI, Bwv is`^ pMQ dy AgvweI FWcy ny rwjsI AgvweI dI syD gurU grMQ qoN hI lYxI hY[ is`^ pMQ dI cVHdI klw qW hI ho skdI hY[  

gurU sfihbfn dy smyN aqy kuwC smF mgroN ijnHF icr mIrI, Bfv rfjsI nIqI, nUM syD pIrI qoN imldI rhI AunF icr ivroDIaF dy mfrU hmilaF dy bfvjUd vI iswKL kOm dI cVHdI klf rhI| dsmysL gurU goibMd isMG jI dy surgvfs hox mgroN afgUaF ny pIrI qoN syD lY ky iswKF dI rfjsI afgvfeI krky iswKL kOm df bol-bflf kIqf|

kwtVpMQI ihMd, srihMd aqy lfhOr sUibaF dIaF srkfrF dy jbr aqy ivdysLIaF dy mfrU hmilaF dy smyN qoN sLRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI dy sn 1920 ivc hoNd ivc afAux qk 2 sdIaF iswKLI dy Dwrimk kyNdrF Aupr AudfsI/inrmly mhMqF, pujfrIaF aqy aKOqI gurU bfibaF dy kbjLy kfrn isKLF dI aiDafqimk, smfijk aqy rfjsI agvfeI inGr geI|

mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dy kfl clfxy (sMn 1839) mgroN pMjfb Auqy aMgryjLI rfj (sMn 1849) afAux AuprMq iswKL kOm dI mIrI nUM vzI BfrI Zfh lgI| aMgryjLF dy sO-sflf rfj smyN dI rfjsI nIqI, ‘vMzo qy rfj kro’ ny iswKL kOm dy afgUaF dy prspr vYr ivroD ivwc hor vfDf kIqf| aqy iswK gurduafiraF df pRbMD mhMqF, pujfrIaF, srbrfhF dy hwQ hox kfrn kOm dI Dfrimk aqy rfjsI agvfeI hor vI niKwD ho geI|

is`^I dy Drm kmwaux dy AsQwnW ivc gurmiq Aqy gurbwxI dy pRcwr dI QW mnmiq, mUrqI pUjw, AMDivSvwsI sMskwrW Aqy gur iblwsW, dsm gRMQ, Awid dIAW imiQhwsk rcnwvW dy pRcwr dw pRvwh c`l ipAw[ gurDwmW ivc vI BoLy SrDwlUAW nUM Brmwau Aqyy T`gx dy sMskwrW Aqy AXwSI dw DMdw c`l ipAw[ mhMq gurDwmW nUM j`dI jiedwdW smJx l`g pey Aqy gurDwmW dIAW jgIrW dI mwlkI Awpxy nwm krvwaux l`g pey[ is`K SRDwlUAW dy cVHwvy injI A`XwSI leI vrqy jwx l`g pey jW sky-sMbMDIAW Aqy imqRW nUM vMfy jwx l`g pey[ mhMq nrYx dws ny gurU nwnk duAwrw, Bwv nnkwxw, T`gI, guMfwgrdI Aqy blwqkwr dw A`fw bxw r`iKAw sI, ij`Qy idn idhwVy mwsUm is`^ SrDwlU b`cIAW smyq bIbIAW dI iezq lu`tI jWdI sI[

smyN smyN isMG sBw, gurduAwrw suDwr, Awid lihrW ny ienHW SRYxIAW qoN is`^ pMQ nUM Cutkwrw idvwaux pRqI sMGrS kIqy pr AMq nUM pMQ dI AwgU SRYxI dy nwm hI bdldy rhy, AgvweI SRYxI dI socxI, kQnI Aqy krnI ivc koeI suDwr nhIN ho sikAw[

sMn 1873 ivc Tfkr isMG sMDfvflIaf, bfbf Kym isMG bydI, rfjf ibkrm isMG kpUrQlf afid ny suDfrk lihr isMG sBf df muwZ bMinHaf| ies suDfrk lihr ivc pRoPYsr grumuwK isMG, jvfhr isMG, aqy igafnI idwq isMG afid ny ilKqF aqy pRcfr rfhIN vwD cVH ky Xogdfn pfieaf| bfbf Kym isMG aqy Aus dy mhMq aqy pujfrI smrQkF dy kwtVpMQI vqIry kfrn ieh lihr aMimRqsr aqy lfhOr isMG sBfvF ivc vMz ho geI| pMQk eykqf ihq dfny bIny iswKLF ny Kflsf dIvfn sMsQf bxfeI pr ieh vI isMG sBf vFgUM do iekfeIaF ivc vMz ho geI| iek vfrI Pyr do Kflsf dIvfn iekfeIaF df punrgTn kr ky cIP Kflsf dIvfn sMsQf bxfeI geI|

suDfrk lihrF, isMG sBf aqy KLflsf dIvfn vI, ijnHF ny kOm nUM Dfrimk aqy rfjsI agvfeI dyx dI kosLsL kIqI, prspr vYr ivroD kfrn bhuq smF jQybMD nf rih skIaF| gurdvfrf suDfrk lihr qoN Auqpn hoeIaF sMsQfvF sLRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI aqy sLRomxI akflI dl vI aMq nUM aiDafqmk pRcfr dy kyNdr gurduafraF dy suDfr aqy kOm dI cVHdI klf krn dI QF inGfr df kfrn hI bxIaF| apxy injI suafrQF dI pUrqI leI akfl qKq aqy Aus dy muK syvfdfr nUM pUjf df pfqr bxf idwqf| kOm nUM jy kdy koeI swcf-suwcf Xog aqy ivdvfn afgU imilaf qF aKOqI mhMqF, sfDF, sMqF aqy jQydfrF nyN mIrI qy pIrI dy kyNdrF Auqy kbjLf jmfeI rKx dI Kfqr koJy ZMgF nfl Aus df zwt ky ivroD hI nhIN kIqf sgoN nfjfiejL aiDkfrF aqy iswKI isDFqF dI durvrqoN duvfrf Aus nUM Kwjl Kuafr kIqf aqy srb-sFJy iswK Drm ivcoN Cyk idwqf|

15 nvMbr 1920 ivc SROmxI gurdvwrw pRbMDk kmytI Aqy 14 dsMbr 1920 ivc AkwlI dl dy hoNd ivc Awaux nwl guDwmW dy pRbMD Aqy is`^I pRcwr ivc cMgw coKw suDwr hoieAw pr kuC smyN mgroN mhMqW, pujwrIAW, Awid dI QW pujwrIvwdI jQydwrW Aqy isMG swihbwnW, jo ik bhu-igxqI fyrwvwd dI aupj hn, ny sWB leI hY[

27-11-1932 dI sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekqwRqf ivwc ieh gurmqf pfs hoieaf sI, “pRvfn hoieaf hY ik jd kdy sRI akfl qKLq sfihb jI dy jQydfr mukrr krn df svfl pysL hovy qF afcrx aqy Xogqf nUM muwK rKidaF hoieaF jy qnKLfh ibnf cMgf kMm krn vflf Xog swjx iml sky qF ibhqr, vrnf qnKLfhdfr syvk rwK ilaf jfieaf kry| ivsLysLqf, Xogqf dy nfl hI KLfs qOr qy ieh hovy ik Auh hr pihlU qoN inrpwK rih ky syvf krn vflf hovy|” sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI df pMjfh sflf ieiqhfs, pMnf 93

rfjsI mqByd qoN gurduafiraF nUM lFBy rKxf df mqf

imqI 6-3-1949 sLRomxI kmytI dI jnrl iekqwRqf smyN kmytI dy kMmf dI rIport, “gurdvfiraF dy siqkfr qy adb nUM kfiem rKx dI KLfqr qy ienHF nUM afps dy rfjsI mqBydF qy AulJxf dy asr qoN afjLfd qy pRbMD nUM cMgf krn leI sfzI kmytI ny afpxI pihlI iekqwRqf ivwc PYslf kIqf sI ik asIN gurduafiraF dy pRbMD nUM suDfrnF qy iehnF nUM gurmq dy iswKLI somyN bxfAuxf muwK rKFgy qy ieh KLfs iKLafl rKFgy ik pfrtI bfjLI afid df ies islisly ivc koeI dKLl nf hovy| cunFic sfzy cfrj lYx dy smyN qoN hI aimRqsr ivc gurduafiraf dI hdUd ivwc hr qrHF dy rfjsI lYkcr bMd krky AunHF dI QF inrol Dfrimk lYkcrF df islislf arMB kr idwqf hY aqy bfkI gurduafiraF ivc vI ies qy vrqoN krfAux dy Xqn kIqy jf rhy hn|”

pRMqU ieh sMsQfvF vI prspr vYr-ivroD, DVybfjLI aqy iBRsLtfcfr dy rogF qoN bwc nf skIaF| ipCly cflI sflF qoN iswKL jwgq dy pRisD afgUaF dIaF krqUqF aqy akfl qKLq, hirmMdr aqy dys prdys dy gurDfmF ivc hoeIaF durGtnfvF qoN spsLt hY ik nf qF sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI df 27 nvMbr 1932 df gurmqf bhuqf icr lfgU ho sikaf aqy nf hI gurduafry rfjsI mqByd qoN lFBy rih ky gurmq pRcfr dy somyN bx sky| gurduafiraF dy pRbMD dy suDfr dI QF inGfr hI afAuNdf igaf|

aiswKI ikrdfr

sMn 1883 ivc aMimRqsr iekfeI dy mohrI aqy akfl buMgy dy muwK grMQI bfbf Kym isMG bydI iswKLI sMklp, gurmiq aqy dsmysL gurU jI dy afdysL dI AulMGxf kr ky afpxy afp nUM iswKLF df 11vF gurU dws ky gurU gRMQ sfihb dI hjLUrI ivc gwdI Auwqy bihx lwg ipaf| pRoPYsr gurmuK isMG dy ies aiswKL krqUq dy ivroD kfrn bfby bydI ny hor bydI, soZI bfibaF, mhMqF, pujfrIaF aqy PrIdkot dy rfjy ibkrm isMG nfl gMZ-qup kr ky pRo: gurmuwKL isMG nUM pMQ ivcoN Cyk idwqf|

hirmMdr smUh dy srbrwh BweI ArUV isMG ny sn 1914 ivc knyfw qoN moVy kwmwgwtw mwrU jhwz dy is`^W bwry Ais`^ hox dw Pqvw lw id`qw Aqy j`ilAW vwly bwg ivc kqly-Awm krn vwly jrnYl fwier nUM sropw id`qw[

“nvIN sdI dy afrMB ivc cIP KLflsf dIvfn ny hoNd ivc af ky isMG sBfvF df jfl ivCf idwqf aqy Dfrimk ividaf aqy gurbfxI igafn dy pRcfr df sdkf iswKLF AuqoN hOlI hOlI bRfhmnvfdI pRBfv Gwt igaf| ijnHF icr agvfeI purfxY suDfrk agUaF dy hwQ ivc rhI, gurduafiraF df pRbMD aqy golHkF df ihsfb ikqfb TIk rihf| pr jdoN kuJ lokF df ikwqf (rfjnIqk) agvfeI bx igaf qF Auh gurmuKL sLrDflUaF dy dfn aqy cVHfvy nUM afpxy inRbfh df vsIlf smJn lwg pey| ies qRrHF iek nkwmyN lhU-cUs mKIaF dI sLRyxI hoNd ivc afeI ijs nUM gurduafry dy Dn dI durvrqoN krn ivc koeI sMkoc nhIN hY| ienHF iBRsLtfcfrI lokF dy gurduafrf pRbMDkI ZFcy ivc afAux nfl ielfky aqy sLRyxI dy aDfr qy DVy bx geY aqy jfqI aqy ikwqy dy aDfr qy vMzIaF peY geIaF, DiVHaF dy DVHy bx gey jo ik iswKL isQFqF aqy eykqf vfsqy hfnIkfrk hn| 1925 gurduafrf kfnUMn qoN bfad aMnpVH jnMqf dy hwQ cox aiDkfr afAux nfl siQwqI hor vI ivgV geI, Kfs krky ipMzF ivc ijwQy kptI rfjsI afgU, clfk spMrdfeIey aqy iqwKI jLubfn vfly pfKLMzI, ByKDfrI sfDU asfnI nfl lokF nUM Brmf skdy hn | gurduafiraF dIaF kmytIaF vfsqy bhuigxqI lok gurbfxI igafn jF sLrDf dy aDfr qy nhIN cuxy jFdy|” zf: gMzf isMG

zf: gMzf isMG jI df ieh lyK koeI cfr-pMj dhfky purfxf hY| AudoN dy smyN qoN iswKLF dIaF Dfrmk aqy rfjsI sMsQfvF ivc prvysL krn vfly sfzy kuJ ajoky afgU ijnF dy ijLMdgI dy prCfvNy BFvyN Zl cuky hn pr agvfeI dI hwzI Czx nUM iblkul iqafr nhIN hn| ienHF dI agvfeI dy smyN dy nmUny aqy iswty sfzy sfhmxy hn| iek sLRomxI akflI dl dy keI akflI dl bx geY hn | iehnf ny gurmiq aqy gurbfxI isDFqF, Bfv pIrI dy isDFqF nUM iCwky tMg lokqMqRI mIrI dy ZFcy Bfv sLRomxI akflI dl, sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI aqy sRI akfl qKLq dy jQydfr dy aiDkfrF aqy jLumyvfrIaF dI iKcVI bxf ky rwK idqI hY|

akfl qKLq df muK syvfdfr jo kdy gRMQI, mhMq jF pujfrI huMdf sI aqy hirmMdr smUh dy muwK pRbMDk hyT syvf krdf sI, awj-kl jwQydfr afiKaf jFdf hY| sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI dy sMn 1920 ivc hoNd ivc afAux qoN bfad akfl qKq dy ies syvfdfr dI inXukqI krdI afeI hY aqy syvf mukq krn df aiDkfr vI rKdI hY| ipCly do dhfikaF qoN sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI vloN inXukq kIqy jQydfrF ny, ijnHF nUM keI BulV mfeI BfeI akfl purK afKdy hn, hukmnfimaF nUM rfjnIqk hwiQafr (anHyN dI zMgorI) vFgUM vrq ky mIrI dy kyNdr akfl qKLq nUM hfsohIxf bxf ky rwK idwqf hY|

Ajoky is`^ AwgU

bhuigxqI pdwrQvwdI sMprdweI gurUAW, T`g swDW, sMqW Aqy gurU GMtwlW dy fyirAW ivc qW icrW qoN hI gurmiq Aqy gurmrXwdw dy Gwx, T`gI, iBRStwcwr Aqy blwqkwr bwry pVHdy suxdy Awey hW pr hux is`^ mUl Dwrw dy kyNdrI Aqy sQwnk gurDwmW dy pRbMDkW, gRMQIAW, isMG swihbwnW, jQydwrW, Awid au`qy vI iehI dUSx l`g rhy hn[

ipCly kuJ smyN qoN is`^ jgq dy AKOqI jQydwrW Aqy isMG swihbwnW dy is`^I ivcwrDwrw Aqy gurmiq ivroDI vqIry, l`Cx Aqy kwry pVHn sunx ivc Awey hn[ BweI pUrn isMG au`qy SRomxI kmytI dI zmIn au`qy kbzw krn Aqy qrn qwrn ivc ie`ky smyN do QweIN pwT krn dy pYsy lYx dw doSI hY[ ieh (A)igAwnI BweI ihMdU imiQhws dw pRymI is`^W nUM lv, kuS dI AMS hox dw hokw vI idMdw hY[ BweI rxjIq isMG ny koeI pMJI ku mhIinAW dI jQydwrI smyN qwnwSwhI hukmnwimAW dI JVI lw id`qI[ BweI mMjIq isMG au`qy AnMdpur zmIn dy Gply dy doS l`gy hoey hn[ BweI kyvl isMG AwpxI nUMh dy kql kys ivc jylH jw cukw hY[

hirmMdr dy mu`K grMQI BweI joigMdr isMG vydWqI AmrjIq isMG nwl rL ky guriblws pwqSwhI 6, ijs ivc gurU swihbwn nUM AvqwrvwdI, mUrqI pUj, BMgI, prpMcI Awid Aqy iesqRI nUM nrk dI iKVkI d`isAw hY, nMU sMpwdq krky, SRomxI kmytI qoN Cpvw Aqy pRkwSq krvw ky is`^ pMQ nUM Brmwaux dw doSI hY[ vydWqI dw kihxw hY ik icr smW gur iblws pwqSwhI 6 dw prcwr hirmMdr smUh ivc huMdw irhw hY, hux Pyr iesdw prcwr SurU krvwaux dw tIcw hY[ Aqy ies nUM p`lIAW vwly blwqkwrI swD DMvnq isMG nUM Awpxy swly ipRQIpwl isMG sMDU rwhIN v`FI lY ky dMf qoN mukq krn dI crcw vI is`^ jgq huMdI suxI jWdI hY[

(sMn 2002) 23-24 jnvrI ivc vYtIkn, ietlI ivc hoey srb Drm smyln ivc ih`sw lYx mgroN prqy BweI joigMdr isMG vydWqI ny kyNdrI srkwr qoN mMg kIqI sI ik, "AMimRqsr nUM vYtIkn dw drjw id`qw jwvy[ Aqy Akwl q^q dy jQydwr dI mhwn pdvI dy AiDkwrI nUM pop vWgUM cux ky (is`^W dw pop) inXukq kIqw jwvy[" jW qW BweI vydWqI nUM boD hI nhIN ik ivl`Kx is`^I ivc romn kYQOilk mq vWg pRIst (pujwrI), kwrfInl, pop, Awid dI QW hI nhIN hY, jW iPr ieh jwx buJ ky kwrj is`DI leI lokW nUM Brmw irhw hY[

vydWq:- vyd dw AMq, incoV; igAwn q`q dy bODk 18 mMqR jo ik Xujr vyd dy AMq ivc AMikq hn[

vydWqI:- vydWq SwsqR dy inXmW nUM mMxn vwlw, vydWq dw igAqw[

AkqUbr 2006 ivc AKOqI jQydwrW, isMG swihbwnW dI juMflI ny imiQhwsvwdI is`^W Aqy k`tVpMQI ihMdU rwStRIAw svXm sMG, ijs dy pYrokwrW dy isr au`qy ihMdUqv dw BUq svwr hY, dy pRBwv ADIn ivvwd grsq dsm nUM gurU grMQ brwbr prvwnqw dy id`qI hY[ sMG dw cwlk sudrSn (c`kr) guriblws pwqSwhI 6 Aqy AKOqI dsm gRMQ dw hvwlw dy ky icrW qoN hI hokw dy irhw hY ik is`K pMQ vKrw Drm nhIN, ihMdU Drm dw hI iPrkw hY[

jQydwr tOhrw

“tOhrf sihb dIaF Dfrimk rucIaF isPr dy brfbr hn| isafsI qfkq hfsl krn leI sLRomxI kmytI nUM ienHF ny puqlf hI bxf rwiKaf hY| gurduafrf pRbMD GtIaf qy nkMmf ho ky rih igaf hY| gurduafrf aYkt dIaF tOhrf sfihb ny Auh DwjIaF AuzfeIaF hn ijs dI imsfl nhIN imldI| sRI hirmMdr sfihb srb sFJf drbfr hY| sFJIvflqf dy ies kyNdr qoN isropy Byd Bfv nfl idwqy jFdy hn| isafsI ivroDIaF nUM isropy nhIN idwqy jFdy| ivdysLF ivwc dIaF sMgqF leI lMgr dI mrXfdf df PYslf qF akfl qwKLq sfihb qoN hoigaf pr sfrI aYgjLYkitv hr mIitMg ivwc lMgr ivwcoN iqafr ho ky afieaf pRsLfdf kursIaF aqy kOcF qy bYT ky CkdI hY| kI ieh mrXfdf dI AulMgxf nhIN? s: pUrn isMG jI josL

“10 jUn 1978 nUM nrkDfrIaF (nrMkfrIaF) dy iKLlfP jfrI kIqy hukmnfmyN dI j: tOhry ny AulMGxf kIqI | sMq jrnYl  isMG iBMzrFvfly nUM nvyN dOr df sUrj simJidaF jQydfr tOhrf ny lokF ivc AuhnF pRqI nrm suur aKLiqafr kIqI pr iek qIr nfl keI isLkfr krx ivc mfihr tOhrf ies nfl sMq lONgovfl qy pRkfsL isMG bfdl dohF nUM vI QfeIN rwKL rihf sI| drbfr sfihb qy sMBfivq POjI hmly dOrfn, ies dI pivwqrqf bhfl rwKLx leI mrjIviVaF dI POj dy pihly ‘kmFzrF ivwc dsqKLq krn vfly tOhrf sfihb, aslI hmly vyly POjI suriKaf ivwc, isr qoN AucIaF bfhF KVIaF krky rYst hfAus jf ibrfjy|"

"iesdy sLRomxI kmytI pRDfn huMidaF keI ieiqhfsk gurDfmF dIaF purfqn iemfrqF kfrsyvf dy nF Qwly mlIafmyt kIqIaF geIaF| puwCx qy jnfb tOhrf ny Prmfieaf, 'pihlF vI sMgqF ny bxfeIaF sn, hux vI sMgqF bxf rhIaF hn| ipCly 25 virHaF ivc sLRomxI kmytI ivc ivafpq iBRsLtfcfr sMbMDI iek sInIafr sLRomxI kmytI aiDkfrI ny pfReIvyt itwpxI kIqI, “srkfrI mihkimaF ivc pYsy Kvf ky kMm qF ho jFdf hY, pr sLRomxI kmytI ivc pYsy KfDy jFdy hn pr kMm Pyr vI nhIN huMdf|'” ThePunjabGuardian 16-10-1999

“sRI hirmMdr sfihb kMplYks (smUh) dy aMdr kuwJ lokF nUM tfrcr kIqf igaf, AunHF dIaF lfsLF bfhr gMdy nfliaF ivc suwt idwqIaF geIaF| sRI hirmMdr sfihb kMplYks dy aMdr hiQafr iewkTy kIqy gey| CwqF Auwqy morcy bxf ky AunHF hiQafrF, ijhVy puils kol vI nhIN sn qy ijnHF dy lfiesYMs vI nhIN sn iml skdy, nUM bIV idwqf igaf| jdoN eynf gYr-kfnMUnI kMm ho irhf sI aqy bfhr gsLq krdy surwiKaf dsiqaF Auqy Pfier ho rhy sn, gurduafrf pRbMDkF nUM jfgxf cfhIdf sI, pr pRbMD dy muKI jQydfr tOhrf ibafn dyNdy iPrdy sn, ‘jy POj hirmMdr sfihb dfKl hoeI, myrI lfsL qoN lMG ky jfvygI|’”

“aprysLn (bilAU stfr) krfAux leI hrI JMzI vI qF gurduafrf pRbMD dy muKI vjoN KLud Ausy jQydfr tOhrf ny idwqI sI| Aus dy purfxy sfQI qy sfbkf vjLIr jQydfr rxDIr isMG cImf ny qkrIbn ds sfl lukfeI rwKx mgroN ieh Byd KoilHaf sI ik, ‘gvrnr pFzy dy swdy Auqy jQydfr tOhrf cMzIGVH gey sn qy Aus nUM vI nfl lY gey sn| Aus idn Auh AuQy rfj Bvn ivwc igafrF GMty rhy, sfrf idn hft-lfeIn Auqy pRDfn mMqrI ieMdrf gFDI nfl jQydfr tOhrf dI gwl cldI rhI qy ies aprysLn dy mfVy-cMgy iswitaF bfry ivcfrF huMdIaf rhIaF| ies qoN bfad hPqy dy aMdr-aMdr Bfxf vfpr igaf| pMj sfl pihlF jQydfr rxDIr isMG cImf vloN kIqy gey ies pRgtfvy df jQydfr tOhrf awj (jUn 1999) qwk KMzn nhIN kr sky |”

“ies duKFq kfrvfeI (aprysLn bilAU stfr) df muwK dosLI grdfnx dI loV hovy qF sMq jrnYl isMG iBMzrFvfly qoN vwD hor koeI nhIN inkldf| pr Auh akflI afgU vI ies ijLMmyvfrI qoN bc nhIN skdy, ijhVy ieh smJdy sn ik iBMzrFvflf jo kuwJ mrjLI krI jfvy, jdoN vI srkfr Qwly lgygI, smJOqF qF sfzy nfl hI krygI|” jiqMdr pMnU, ‘sRI akfl qKLwq nUM ZhfAxu dy ksUrvfr kOx?’

“(rfjIv gFDI-sMq lONgovfl) smJOqy dI afm jMqf ny sLlfGf kIqI pr kuC aVcnF bfkI sn| sB qoN jLrUrI sI, ik sMq lONgovfl akflI pfrtI nUM apxy nfl lY ky qur skdf sI jF nhIN| bfbf joigMdr isMG aqy jgdyv isMG qlvMzI dI agvfeI vfly awqvfdI DiVaF ny smJOqy nUM ‘gwdfrI’ kihky BMizaf aqy iswKL stUzYtMs PYzrysLn ny vI inMidaf| ienHF ivwcoN koeI vI iksy igxqI ivwc nhIN sn, pr jI: aYs: tOhrf aqy pRkfsL isMG bfdl sn| jy ieh pUry mnoN sihXog nhIN sI idMdy qF gMBIr aOkV af  skdI sI| dovyN hI sUby dy muK mMqrI bnx dy cfhvfn sn| tOhrf iek Cwitaf hoieaf injI suafrQI sI, 13 sfl Auh sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI dI pRDfngI nUM cuMbiVaf irhf aqy do vfrI aYm: pI: irhf, ijQy Aus ny iek cup-cfp drsLk jF gYrhfjLr rihky nfmnF KwtI|”

“sqMbr 1985 ivwc akflIaF ny pMjfb asYNblI dI cox 117 ivcoN 73 sItF lY ky gjwvIN bhuigxqI nfl ijwqI aqy AunHF ny afpxI srkfr bxfeI ijs df muK mMqrI surjIq isMG brnflf bixaF| akflI srkfr bnx dI dyr sI ik sfbkf muK mMqrI pRkfsL isMG bfdl, ijs dI ipwT qy iblkul byasUlf jI: aYs: tOhrf sI, dy DVy ny brnflf srkfr bfry bypRqIqI df pRgtfvf kr idwqf| jdoN KfVkUaF nUM, ijnHF ny suqMqr Kfilsqfn df aYlfn krky KfilsqfnI JMzy gUrdUafry dy guMbdF aqy munfiraF Auqy cVHf idwqy sn, PVn vfsqy (pMjfb) puls dubfrf hirmMdr smUh dy aMdr vVI qF akflI jQybMdI df pfVf insLcq ho igaf| brnflf srkfr dy Cy vjLIr sxy amirMdr isMG aqy rvIieMdr isMG bfdl vfly ivroDI DVy ivc jf rly|”

“ijs idn qoN smJOqy Auqy dsqKLq hoey sn akflI dl df ieh tolf sybF df ryVHf AultfAux df ieCwk sI| rfjsI ivisLaF qy BFvyN iek dUjy nUM vyK nhIN sI suKFdy, pr zuilHaF sybF ivwcoN corI kIqy sybF df Pl mfnx leI ieh juMzlI jQybMD ho geI| muKL sfjLsLI gurcrn isMG tOhrf sI| ies dy nfl msKiraF df tolf sI, ijs ivwc pRisD injI suafrQI pRkfsL isMG bfdl aqy amirMdr isMG sn| ienHF df mUl mMqv brnfly nUM kwZky swqf apxy hwQ ivwc lYxf sI| ivDfn sBf ivwc Xog lokqMqrI ZMg nfl votF rfhIN hrfAux ivwc asPl hox qy ienHF ny sLRomxI kmytI Auqy kbjLf krky, Aus dI durvrqoN rfhIN qKLqF dy jQydfr bdl ky, nvyN jQydfrF koloN srkfr dy ivruD hukmnfmyN jfrI krvfAux leI lokF dIaF Dfrimk BfvnfvF nUM BVkAuxf sLurU kr idwqf|”

“sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI gurduafiraF df pRbMD krn leI bxfeI geI sI nf ik ienHF (gurDfmF) nUM rfjnIqk lVfeIaF dy Kyqr bxfAux leI| muK gRMQI/jQydfr Dfrimk sMskfr aqy inrxY krn vfsqy inXukq kIqy gey sn, rfjnIqkF dIaF kTpuqlIaF bnx leI nhIN| nf AunHF nUM, nf sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI qy nf akflI dl dy iksy DVy nUM srbq KLflsf swdx jF inrol Dfrimk ivisLaF qoN bfhr hukmnfmyN jfrI krn df aiDkfr sI, aqy nf hI ienHF nUM (iswKL) rihq mrXfdf sMbMDI kurihqF qoN ibnF iksy nUM Cykx df aiDkfr sI| sRImfn tOhrf, bfdl aqy juMzlII ny ienHF sfrIaF pRvfnq pRMprF nUM BMg kIqf| ienHF ny pihlF sLRomxI kmytI Auqy kbjLf kIqf, ies dy aiDkfrF dI durvrqoN krky muKL gRMQIaF/jQydfrF nUM brKLfsq krky apxI mrjLI idaF nUM inXukq kr idqf| ienHF ny hirmMdr smUh dy surwiKaf krmcfrIaF nUM hwtf idqf aqy awqvfdIaF nUM hirmMdr smUh Auqy kbjLf krn dI KulH dy idwqI|”

“ienHF (awqvfdIaF?) dI pkV pwkI ho jfx qy ienHF ny sfry dlF nUM KLqm krky apxy sMXukq akflI dl ivc iml jfx df hukmnfmf isMG sfihbfn qoN jfrI krvf idwqf ijs qoN ienHF nMU brnflf aqy Aus dI srkfr Auqy iek mfrU swt dI afs sI| ies sMXukq akflI dl dy kI mMqv sn, Auwqy iksy nUM sLk ivwc nhIN sI rihx idqf| ies dI agvfeI bymuhfrf polIs aiPsr ismrnjIq isMG mfn kr irhf sI, ijs ny KLfilsqfn df smRQn lukvF nhIN sI rwiKaf, aqy ies ivwc iBMzrfvfly df bfp bfbf joigMdr isMG aqy isLRmqI ieMdrf gFDI dy hiqafry byaMq isMG dI pqnI ibml KLflsf sLfml sn| rfgI drsLn isMG KLfilsqfn dy smRQkF df kyvl kuVwqx Biraf bulfrf hI sI| pRMqU brnfly ny ienHF dI kuiVwkI ivwc Psx qoN nFh kr idqI| jy ieh Aus nUM qnKLfhIaf GosLq krdy sn qF KLfilsqfn df ivroD krn vflI iswKLF dI BfrI bhuigxqI vI qnKLfhIaf sI| kdI vI rfjnIqk mnorQF dI pUrqI leI Dfrimk sMsQfvF dI eynI duvrqoN nhIN hoeI ijnI AunHF mhIinaF ivwc hoeI|” s: KusLvMq isMG, 'My Bleeding Punjab'

“bfdl sfihb ny afp cIP minstr bxn leI pMQk mMgF df aYlfn kIqf| jdoN hjLfrF iswKLF dI jylH Xfqrf sdkf cIP minstrI iml geI qF AunHF mMgF dI pUrqI leI kuwJ hIlf krn dI bjfey Auh PYsly kIqy ijnHF nfl pUrI kOm nUM Aultf nuksfn phuMicaf| iswKL mMgF dI pUrqI isrP pfrlImYNt kr skdI hY| pfrlImYNt ivwc cMgy kfbl mYNbr Byjx nfl hI sfzIaF mMgF dI pUrqI ho skdI hY| pr s: bfdl ny itktF iknHF nUM idqIaF? jQydfr tOhrf, j: qlvMzI, svrgI j: quV, s: gurdfs isMG bfdl, j: ZINzsf, j: lYhxf isMG qpV, s: qrlocn isMG quV, s: BUMdV, afid nUM| pfrlImYNt ivwc ieh sfry isMG cuwp krky bYT ky GrIN prq afey| iksy iek ny vI ienHF pMQk mMgF leI mUMh KolHx dI Kycl nf kIqI|”

“tOhrf sfihb dy jLmfny ivwc Drm pRcfr kmytI df smuwcf kMm kfgjLI sI| AunHF dI pRDfngI ivwc sMq jrnYl isMG iBMzrFvfly dy jQy df gurU Gr Auqy kbjLf irhf| hirmMdr sfihb vI AuNnHF (Aus jQy) dy kbjLy ivwc sI| pRDfn isrP nfm mfqr sI| j: tOhrf, sMq lONgovfl qy s: bfdl dI sur aMdroN pUry qOr Auqy iek nhIN sI| sMq jrnYl isMG iBzrFvfly pfsoN iqnyN zrdy sn| pr AunHF (j: tOhrf) ny isMG sfihb inXukq krn vyly hr vfr glqI kIqI aqy ieh jfx buwJ ky afpxy isafsI muPfd nUM awgy rwK ky kIqI| pihlF iek jylH ivwc kYd iswKL (rxjIq isMG) nUM isMG sfihb bxf idqf aqy Pyr Aus nUM sfbq krn dI kosLsL ivwc lwgy rhy ik ies dI kurbfnI mwsy rMgV df isr kwtx vfilaF bhfdr iswKF dy brfbr hY| mgroN Aus isMG sfihb ny hukmnfmyN rojL kwZ kwZ ky afpxI kcihrI rojL lf ky pUrI iswKL kOm aqy lIzr qIlf qIlf krky sfrf aflHxF hI Zfh idqf|

 Pyr iek hor isMG sfihb (pRo: mMjIq isMG) nUM isMG sfihbI bKsLI| gurU Gr dI syvf krn dI bjfey Auh sosfietI bxf ky isMG sfihbI Bul ky iek mfmUlI pRfprtI zIlr dI cOkI Auqy jf bYTf| qnKLfh Auh lYNdf anMdpur sfihb dI golk ivcoN aqy rihMdf Auh bhuqf smF afpxy Gr pitafly sLihr ivwc jF knyzf amrIkf dI sYr qy|”

“jo glqI tOhrf jI ny kIqI AuhI glqI s: bfdl nUM BfeI pUrn isMG nUM isMG sfihb Qfp ky krnI peI, ikAuNik koeI vI nyk gRMQI ieh iKco-qfx vflI isMG sfihbI lYx nUM iqafr nhIN sI| jy iksy gRMQI nUM JUTy ibl pysL krn dI glqI kfrn aYs: jI: pI: sI: sjLf dyvy qF kI Auh isMG sfihb bnx df hkdfr hY? Pyr iesy gRMQI vloN aimRqsr gurU Gr dI jLmIn kfbU krn dI crcf vI hY

s: pRqfp isMG jI igwl

jQy: tOhrf dy afpf-ivroDI pYNqVy

-1996 ivc jdoN Auh pRDfn sn, “sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI pMQ dI cuxI hoeI srvAuc sMsQf hY| akfl qwKLq sfihb df jQydfr sLoRR: gu: pR: kmytI df qnKLfhdfr krmcfrI hY, ijs nU kmytI jdoN mrjLI kZw skdI hY| ies krky ijhVy akfl qKLwq dy jQydfr nUM sLRRo: gu: pR: kmytI nfloN Aucf dsdy hn aqy akfl qKLwq dy vKry rfjsI dPqr (Secretariat) dI vkIlI krdy hn, drasl Auh sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI nUM kmjLor krnf cfhuMdy hn|”

-akqUbr 1998, pRDfngI ajy KusI nhIN sI, “sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI pMQ dI srvAuc sMsQf hY aqy KLflsf pMQ dy iqwn sO sflf sfjnF idvs dy sfry jsLn ies dI agvfeI hyT mnfey jfxy cfhIdy hn|”

-1998 dI aKIr, pRDfngI Kusn vflI sI jF Kus cukI sI, “myry vfsqy akfl qKLwq sfihb dy jQydfr df hukmnfmF akfl purKL df hukm hY|”

- jdoN pRDfngI KLus cukI sI, “sLRo: gu: pR: kmytI kyvl gurduafiraF df pRbMD krn vfsqy hY| ies kol akfl qKLq dy jQydfr nUM muaql jF mkUP krn (kwZx) df aiDkfr nhIN hY|”

ipCly kuC dhwikAW qoN, Kws krky bwdl-tOhrw du`kV dI AgvweI smyN AKOqI jQydwrW Aqy swihbwnW dI inXukqI Aqy syvw-mukqI dy sbMD ivc vrqy h`QkMfy Aqy aunHW jQydwr/swihbwnW, ijnHW ivru`D iBRSrwcwr, vYr-ivroD, p`Kpwq, qwnwSwhI, Awid dUSx l`gdy rihMdyy hn, v`loN aultw pujwrIvwdI nIqIAW dw ivroD krn vwly is`^W ivru`D hukmnwmyN C`fx Aqy is`K ivdvwnW dI ku`t mwr qoN sWeIN bu`ly Swh dIAW ienHW sqrW dI s`cweI is`D huMdI hY[

Drmswl DVvweI (DwVvI) vsdy, Twkr dvwry T`g[

ivc msIq kusIqy rihMdy, AwSk rihn Al`g[44[

keI hwjI bx bx Awey jI, gl nIly jwmy pwey jI,

h`j vyc tky lY Kwey jI, pr ey g`l kIhnUM Bwey jI

isMG swihbwn Aqy jQydwr vI suAwrQ is`DI leI auhI h`QkMfy vrq rhy hn jo iehnW dIAW pUrv AiDkwrI SryxIAW dy ibpRnI mhMq, pujwrI, Awid vrqy sn[ gurmiq Aqy gurmXwdw dw Gwx krn vwly sMq smwj, tkswl Awid dy nyqw, blwqkwrI fyrydwr qy pKMfI swD iehnW v`loN snmwny jWdy hn pr gurmiq Aqy gurmrXwdw ivroDI gur iblws, dsm gRMQ, Awid dIAW imiQhwsk qy ASlIl rcnwvW dI gurbwxI dy AwDwr qy Alocnw krn vwly qrkSIl is`^ ivdvwn qwnwSwhI hukmnwimAW duAwrw frwey/Dmkwey Aqy Cyky jWdy hn[

ijnHW icr AKOqI jQydwrW Aqy isMG swihbwnW dI inXukqI dy inXm nhIN bxwey jWdy aunHW icr BweI ArUV isMG, BweI rxjIq isMG, BweI pUrn isMG, BweI joigMdr isMG vydWqI Awid vrgy ivvwd-gRsq jQydwr Aqy isMG swihb bxdy irhxgy[ ij`nW icr iehnW dI ivdvqw, Xogqw Aqy inXukqI dy smyN pRqI inXm inscq nhIN kIqy jWdy aunW icr is`^ pMQ nUM shI is`^I jIvn dI syD imlx dI Aws nhIN kIqI jw skdI[

iksy vI dys, kOm, Drm, smwj, sMsQw, jQybMdI, Awid dI cVHdI klw jW inGwr aus dy mu`K AwgU jW AwgU FWcy Aqy Awm jMqw dI sUJ-bUJ qy inrBr huMdI hY[ is`^W dw Ajokw AgvweI FWcw nw hoieAW qoN vI niK`d hY[ suAwrQ is`DI leI AKOqI jQydwrW, isMG swihbwnW ny is`^I dy mIrI pIrI dy isDWq nUM pujwrIvwdI bxw id`qw hY Aqy pMjW ipAwirAW dI prMprw dw isAwsIkrn kr id`qw hY[ isMGwsxW au`qy brwjmwn rihx dy ruJyvyN kwrn iehnW koL gurbwxI dI qrjmwnI krky is`^ jgq nUM syD dyx dw nw qW smW hY, Aqy nw hI bhu igxqI A`DpVH qy gurbwxI igAwn-hIxqw kwrn qrjmwnI krn dI Xogqw hY[

"rwjnIqI qy suAwrQ is`DI dy AwDwr qy KVw ieh (pRbMDkI) FWcw, gurmiq pRcwr dy iblkul AnukUl nhIN hY[ sMgq dI bhu-igxqI Coty Coty Dwrimk DiVAW ivc vMfI peI hY[ AOr kuC ivAkqIgq gurUAW dy c`kr ivc PsI hoeI hY["

"pr pRbMDkI FWcw rwjnIqk, suAwrQI qy bwzwrI hY[ suAwrQ qy rwjnIqI leI mYNbrW dI KrIdo-ProKq vI c`ldI hY[ sMgqW r`bI rs ivc fu`b ky lIn hoxw cwhuMdIAW hn, pRbMDk iesy hI iek`T dy Awsry rwjnIqk Kyqr ivc pRgt hoxw cwhuMdw hY; AOr sPlqw imlI qW kihMdw hY ik swfw Drm Aqy rwjnIqk FWcw iek hY, ies qoN kI murwd hY ies dw boD iblkul nhIN hY"[ sMq isMG mskIn, ‘dyS-ivdyS gurdvwirAW dw pRbMDkI FWcw Aqy pRcwrk SRyxI’ pMnw: 38

"hkIkq ieh hY ik gurdvwirAW ivc gurmiq dI g`l nhIN ho rhI, rwjnIqI c`l rhI hY[" ig: cyq isMG, swbkw mu`K gRMQI, drbwr swihb, auhI pusqk dw BUmkw, pMnw: 6

is`^I srb-sWJI Aqy igAwn dw Drm hY Aqy ies ivc gurU swihbwn ny kyvl ivdvwn pRcwrk dI hI QW r`KI hY, pKMfI swDW sMqW, mhMqW, pujwrIvwdI isMG swihbwnW, jQydwrW Awid dI nhIN hY[ is`^ mwrg dy pWDI (is`^) nUM gurU (gRMQ) qoN ibnw iksy hor dI ivcolgI dI loV nhIN hY[ hW gurU gRMQ swihb dI qrjmwnI krn vwly ivdvwn pRcwrkW dI loV zrUr hY[ pr gurU kwl qoN mgroN ies SRyxI dI is`K jgq ivc hmySW Gwt rhI hY[ bhuigxqI gRMQI, rwgI, FwfI, kQwkwr, Awid pRcwrk vI gurU swihb dy muK vwk Anuswr 'rotIAW kwrix pUrih qwl' vwLw DMdw hI krdy hn[

"idSwhIx qy isrP aupjIvkw nUM m`uK r`K ky c`l irhw pRcwrk FWcw pRcwr dy sMbMD ivc AsPl hY[" sMq isMG mskIn, auhI pusqk

is`^I isDWqW, gurmiq Aqy gurmrXwdw dI hor vI Gor aulMGxw krdy hoey ies isMG swihb Aqy jQydwr SryxI dy bulwry kihMdy d`sy jWdy hn ik is`^I ivc bIbIAW v`loN gurU gRMQ swihb dy suK Awsx dI syvw krn dI prMprw hI nhIN hY[

spSt hY ik is`^ kOm nUM Ajoky pujwrIvwdI jQydwrW Aqy isMG swihbwnW dy toly dI QW nvyN kyNdrI AgvweI FWcy dI loV hY jo ik gurmiq Aqy is`^I isDWqW dy ADwr qy AgvweI pRdwn kr sky[ pr ies krWqIkwrI pirvrqn leI smucI is`^ kOm leI pujwrIvwdI socxI, kQnI Aqy krnI, jo ik is`^ pMQ nUM ibpRnI AvqwrvwdI Aqy imiQhwsvwdI ilKwrIAW Aqy pRcwrkW dI dyx hY, dw iqAwg krnw zrUrI hY[

do ks duSmn mulko dIn AMd, bwdSwh by-hlm, v zwihd by-ielm[ SyK swdI

ArQ:- dyS Aqy Drm dy do duSmn hn, DIrj ivhUxw bwdSwh Aqy igAwn ivhUxw k`tVpMQI[

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