imiQhwsk gRMQW dy krqw Aqy smrQk

crnjIq isMG bl

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AnoKI vsqU nUM h`iQAwaux dI lwlsw jW aus dy moFIAW Aqy vwrsW pRqI eIrKw G`tIAw mnu`KI AOgux hn[ Drm dy Kyqr ivc ienHW AOgxW dw vDwx mnu`K nUM jnUnI Aqy k`tVpMQI bxw idMdy hn[ BwvyN Drm dw mUl mMqv mnu`K nUM AOgxW qoN rihq krnw hY pr ieiqhws gvwh hY ik hr Drm dy jnUnI Aqy k`tVpMQI pYrokwr sdw dUjy Drm nUM inglx jW nwS krn dy koJy Xqn krdy rhy hn[ AlOikk is`^I nUM vI ihMdU, ieslwm Aqy iesweI DrmW ny inglx jW nwS krn vjoN h`ly kIqy Aqy guJIAW cwlW c`lIAW[ ij`Qy muslmwn s`qwDwrI srkwr, hmlw-AwvrW Aqy k`tVpMQI kwzI SRyxI ny jbr dI vrqoN kIqI auQy s`qwhIx bRwhmx SRyxI ny gu`JI cwlbwzI qoN kMm ilAw[ muslmwnI jbr nUM qW is`^ pMQ ny joS duAwrw nkwrw kr id`qw pr auh bRwhmx dI gu`JI cwl dy twkry loVINdI hoS dI vrqoN nW krn krky Su~D srUp is`^I nUM bRwhmxvwd nwl BRiSt hox qoN nW bcw sikAw[

jnUnI mugl srkwr dy jbr Aqy Aihmd Swh AbdwlI (durwnI), nwdr Swh, Awid dy mwrU hmilAW kwrn jdoN is`^W nUM Gr Gwt C`fxw ipAw qW is`^I pRcwr Aqy gurDwmW dw pRbMD bRwhmxvwdI, imQhwsmvwdI, AvqwrvwdI audwsI Aqy inrmly swDW, sMqW, mhMqW, pujwrIAW h`Q Aw igey[ is`^I dI vwg-for bhuq smW ienHW SryxIAW h`Q rihx kwrn Su`D srUp is`^I dw AMDivSvwSI ibpRnI sMklpW, sMskwrW, krmkWfW, Awid nwl BRiSt hoxw suBwivk sI[ pMif`qW, sMqW, swDW dy pVHwey is`iKweyy is`^/Ais`^ kvIAW ny vydW, purwxW, SwsqRW, ismRqIAW Aqy vydWq dy isDWqW, sMklpW, sMskwrW Aqy imiQhws nwl lQpQ AKOqI gRMQ rc id`qy[

"gurU goibMd isMG jI dy joqI joq smwaux ipCoN CyqI hI is`^W ivc ihMdU ivcwrDwrw dI imlwvt SurU ho geI[ juJwrU is`^ qW srkwr dy bwgI smJy jwx krky jMglW ivc cly gey, qy nrm iKAwlIey is`KW dw Jukwau snwqnI ivcwrW v`l ho igAw[ aus dw Asr smyN dy ieiqhwskwrW auqy vI ipAw[" sohx isMG sIql, is`^ ieiqhws dy somyN, pMnw 172

gumnwm kvI dI pusqk ‘gur iblws pwqSwhI 6’, jo ik dsmyS jI dy surgvws hox qoN 10 swl mgroN (sMmq 1775 ivc) rcI d`sI jWdI hY, ivc kvI ny is`^I isDWqW dw Gwx, gurU swihbwn dw Apmwn Aqy is`^ ieiqhws nUM ihMdU imiQhws nwl BRiSt krdy hoey gurU swihbwn nUM ihMdU Avqwr, dyvI pUj, qp`svI, krmkWfI, BMgI, Awid drswieAw hY[ ies pusqk qoN mgroN rcy, AKOqI dsm gRMQ, gur iblws, gur pRqwp sUrXw/sUrj, pMQ pRkwS, bMswvlI nwmw, jnm swKIAW Awid vI is`^I ivroDI purwixk sMklpW, isDWqW, sMskwrW, Awid nwl lQpQ hn[ ienHW pusqkW dy kvIAW, ijnHW auqy, pMifqW, audwsI qy inrmly swDW dI ividAw, is`iKAw, jW sMgq, Awid dw ibpRnI pBwv pRbl sI, ny jwxy Axjwxy is`^I ivcwrDwrw Aqy is`^ ieiqhws nUM bRwhmxvwd imiQhws nwl BRiSt kIqw hY[

is`KI ivroDI ienHW rcnwvW, ijnHW ivc is`^I ivcwrDwrw, gurmiq Aqy is`^ ieiqhws G`t pr ibpRnI ivcwrDwrw Aqy imiQhws ikqy v`D, nUM pRcwrnw, sMpwdq, pRkwSq krnw jW proVqw krnI Boly is`KW nUM bRwhmnvwdI sMskwrW Aqy AMDivSvSI krmkWfW ivc pauuxw hY Aqy is`KI nUM ihMdU mq dw iPrkw d`sx vwlIAW ivroDI qwkqW dI shwieqw krnI hY[ pr AKOqI jQydwr, isMG swihbwn Aqy pRcwrk, ijnHW ny is`KI ivcwrDwrw Aqy gurmiq ivroDI swihq qoN is`KW nUM sucyq krnW hY, hI ienHW gRMQW nUM sMpwdq, pRkwSq krdy, pRcwrdy Aqy ienHW dI pRSMsw Aqy pRoVoqw krdy hn[ Aqy imiQwhwsk kUV BrpUr gRMQW dI gurmiq Aqy is`KI ivcwDwrw dy AwDwr qy Alocnw jW KMfn krn vwly qrkSIl is`K ivdvwnW jW KojI ieiqhwskwrW a`uqy Pqvy lwauNdy Aqy pMQ ivcoN Cykdy hn[

ienHW kvIAW/ilKwrIAW dI ividAw, is`iKAw Aqy jIvxI qy JwqI mwirAW is`D huMdw hY ik ienHW dIAW rucIAW Aqy ibRqIAW au``qy bRwhmxvwd Aqy imiQhws dw pRBwv Av`S sI[ 18vIN/19vIN sdI dy is`^/Ais`^ kvIAW, ijnHW ny is`^I sbMDI AKOqI gRMQ ilKy hn, ny pMif`qW, audwsI jW inrmly swDW/sMqW qoN vydW, SwsqRW, purxW, ismRqIAW, vydWq Awid pRqI iv`idAw pRwpq kIqI[ aunHW dI sMgq dy pRBwv ADIn keI kiQq is`^ kvIAW ny ihMdU swihq dw AiDAYn kIqw Aqy ricAw vI[ iehI kwrn hn ik swirAW dIAW rcnwvW ivc is`^ ivcwrDwrw, gurmiq Aqy Su`D ieiqhws nwloN ihMdU Avqwrvwd, sMskwr, mUrqI/ivAkqI pUjw, imQhws, Awid ikqy v`D hn[

BweI sMqoK isMG

"BweI sMqoK isMG kwvX dy pUrx pMifq sy Aqy kivqw rcx dI AlOikk SkqI r`Kdy sn[ Awp ny bUVIey (bUrIey) ivc rih ky (Amr isMG jYnI dy sMsikRq slokW vwly) Amr koS dw Anuvwd kIqw (nwmkoS ricAw) Aqy sMmq 1880 (sMn 1823) ivc ‘gurU nwnk pRkwS’ pusqk ricAw[ ies qoN ip`CoN ieh mhwrwjw krm isMG jI pws pitAwly jw nOkr hoey[ sMmq 1882 (sMn 1825) ivc kYQl pqI (rwjw) audX isMG jI ny ienHW nUM mhwrwjw pitAwlw qoN mMg ilAw Aqy bVy sMmwn nwl Awpxy pws riKAw[ kYQl ivc rih ky BweI audX isMG dy pMifqW dI shwXqw nwl kvI jI ny bhuq pusqk bxwey Aqy siqgurW dw pivqR jIvn ibRqWq ‘gur pRqwp sUrX’ nwmk gRMQ ricAw, jo sMmq 1900 dy swvn mhIny (sMn 1843 ivc) smwpq hoieAw[ iesy swl k`qk ivc BweI sMqoK isMG jI dw kYQl ivc clwxw hoieAw["

"BweI swihb nUM gurmq ivc pUrI SrDw Aqy pRym sI, pr pMif`qW dI sMigq Aqy pRyrxw, (ik jy Awp gurUAW dI kQw nUM purwx rIqI Anuswr AvqwrW ijhI ilKogy Aqy SwsqRW qoN ivruD Awp jI dy pusqk nhIN hoxgy qW aunHW dw bhuq pRcwr hoaU Aqy sB Awp dI rcnw nUM Awdr nwl pVHngy), kr ky keI QweIN tplw Kw gey hn[" Bw: kwnH isMG jI nwBw, gurmq mwrqMf, pMnw 16

BweI sMqoK isMG jI Awp ilKdy ilKdy hn:-

bwlmIik ikRq kQw sunI jib[ CMdin ibKy rcI qb hm siB]

pun (iPr) ibdWq (ivdWq) ko gRMQ mhwn[ aupinSDin ko jihN bKXwn

Awqm ko purwn ijs nwm[ skl bnwXo so AiBrwm]13] gur pRqwp sUrX, (gurmq mwrqMf pMnw 9)

pMif`q qwrw isMG

Awp dw jnm gurdws pur dy ipMf kwlmw ivc sMmq 1878 (sMn 1821) ivc hoieAw[ CotI aumr ivc hI gurmuKI iv`idAw Gr rihMidAW pVH leI[ 18 ku swl dI aumr ivc izlw huiSAwr pur dy ipMf igVvVI dy sMq gulwb isMG qoN gurbwxI qy gurmiq dI iv`idAw pVHI[ BwKw (sMsikRq?) qy ivdWq dy kuJ hor pusqk pVHn leI kuJ smW dwdW vwly sMq dI mMflI ivc rhy[ sMsikRq dI au`c iv`idAw pRwpqI leI bMgwl pRWq dy ndIAw Sihr phuMc gey Aqy auQoN vyd SwsqR ividAw dy pUrn igAwqw ho ky inkly[ inrml sMpRdwX ivc Awp nUM bhuq siqkwr pRpq hoieAw Aqy pMcwieqI inrml AKwVy dy sRI mhMq dI pdvI qy sSobq hoey, jo inrml sMpRdwie dI sB qoN au`cI pdvI hY[ ig: ikrpwl isMG, ig: igAwn isMG vwlw pMQ pRkwS

igAwnI igAwn isMG

igAwnI igAwn isMG jI dw jnm ngr lONgovwl ivc 5 ivswK sMmq 1879 (sMn 1822) nUM hoieAw[ mwqw ipqw ny iqn swl dI aumr qoN hI BweI Bolw isMG kol gurbwxI pVHn leI ibTw id`qw[ Awp do ku swlW ivc hI gurU gRMQ swihb dy AKMfpwTI bx gey[ aumr dy ATvyN swl ivc dsm gRMQ dw vI pwT kr ilAw[ Bolw isMG jI ny igAwn isMG jI nUM swrukqwvlI, BwvrswimRq, ivcwr mwlw, AiDAwqmk pRkwS, hnUmwn nwtk, vwrW qy kibq svYXy BweI gurdws jI Awid ArQW nwl pVwey[ Awpxy spu`qr nUM AMimRqDwrI Aqy rihq dw p`kw DwrnI is`K vyKx dI ie`Cw leI aunHW ny igAwn isMG nUM AMimRq pwn krvwieAw[ swDU bxn smyN vI aunHW auhI ByK (inrmly audwsIAW vwlw) cuixAW ijs ByK ivc is`KI isdk nUM kysW suAwsW nwl inBwieAw jw skdw sI[

Awp dw mwmw krm isMG Cu`tI kt ky jWidAW 1891 (sMn 1834) ivc igAwn isMG nUM Awpxy nwl lwhUOr lY igAw[ iek idn mhwrwjw Syry-pMjwb nUM igAwn isMG dw pwT suxvwieAw ijs qoN KuS ho ky mhwrwjw swihb ny igAwn isMG nUM hr roz inqnym dI bwxI suxwaun leI kol hI r`K ilAw[ ies smyN Awp dI aumr 12-13 swl dI sI[ koeI pMj ku swl Awp nUM lhOr drbwr ivc rihx dw mOkw imilAw[ aurdU qy PwrsI ielm dI pRwpqI leI Awp nUM bVw hI Amolk smW hQ AwieAw[ mhwrwjw swihb ny igAwn isMG nUM honhwr smJ ky pVHweI dw pRbMD Awpxy v`loN krvw id`qw[ Syry-pMjwb dy Akwl clwxy qoN bwAd Awp Awpxy ipMf lONgovwl Aw gey Aqy pitAwlw Poj dI nOkrI kr leI[

1902 ib: (sMn 1845) ivc jdoN lwhOr drbwr dIAW PojW qy AMgryzW dy drimAwn mu`dkI qy PyrU Sihr dI ieiqhws pRis`D jMg hoeI qW PUl kIAW irAsqW ny AMgryz PojW leI rsd ApVwn dy kMm leI srdwr bdrudIn dI ifaUtI lw id`qI[ ies j`Qy nwl igAwnI igAwn isMG nUM vI Byj id`qw igAw qy ienHW nUM fwk vMfx dw kMm sONipAw igAw[

igAnI jI swDU bxy

smyN dy mShUr audwsI sMq msq rwm nwl sMprk hox nwl igAwnI jI dI sMswr qoN auprwm hox Aqy swDU bxn dI icrokxI ieCw hor prbl ho geI[ inrmly swDW sMqW dI sMgq nwl qIrQ Xwqrw leI bwhr inkly qW mn ivc sMsikRq BwSw Aqy gurmiq dI auqm iv`idAw pRwpq krn dw SOk jwigAw ijs dy Pl srUp inrml sMpRdwie dy pMif`q qwrw isMG dy ividAwrQI bxy[ pMif`q qwrw isMG, jo ik BwKw (sMsikRq?), vydWq, vyd Swsq,R Kt (6 ihMdU) SwsqR Awid dy vyqw (byqw, igAwqw) Aqy vkqw (bkqw, kQwkwr) sn, qoN igAnI jI ny SwsqR ividAw pRwpq kIqI Aqy gurU gRMQ swihb, dsm gRMQ, gurpRqwp sUrj gRMQ qy BweI gurdws jI dI bwxI qoN ielwvw gurmiq sbMDq swry swihq dw AiDAYn kIqw[ ig: ikrpwl isMG, sMpwdq, gur pMQ pRkwS, ig: igAwn isMG vwlw

kysr isMG iC`br

"iC`br kSmIrI pMfqW dI iek pRis`D goq hY[ ienHW dy bzurg izlw jyHlm dy ipMf kiVAwlw ivc Aw vsy[ is`^I nwl ies Grwxy dw sMbMD BweI iprwgw qoN juiVAw, jo pMjvyN gurU jI dw is`^ bixAW, qy CyvyN gurU jI dy Drm Xu`DW ivc bVy sUrimAW vWg jUiJAw[ BweI iprwgw goqm dI vMS ivcoN sI[ iprwgw dw puqr BweI l`KI dws hoieAw, auh vI gurU jI dI syvw ivc irhw[ BweI l`KI dw iek pu`qr drgwh m`l sqvyN Aqy A~TvyN gurU jI dw idvwn irhw[ dUsry pu`qr BweI hIrw nMd qoN mqI dws, sqI dws, jqI dws Aqy sKI dws hoey[ drgwh m`l dy dovyN pu`qr Drm cMd Aqy gub^S isMG vI gurU Gr dy idvwn rhy[ gurbKS isMG dy pu``qr crn dws dy Gr kysr isMG hoieAw[ ies ny bMswvlI nwmw swvn sudI 14, sMmq 1826 (sMn 1769) nUM ilKxw SurU krky A`sU sudI 11, sMmq 1826 nUM sMpUrn kIqw[

kysr isMG iC`br dI ilKq pUrI qrHW ihMdU m`q Asr Q`ly hY[ Kws krky mnUM isimRqI dw auhdy mn au`qy bhuq Asr hY[ gurU goibMd isMG jI dy hukm ‘mwns kI jwq sBY eykY pihcwnbo’ dy ault auh bRwhmx jwqI nUM dUsirAW nwloN au`qm mMndw hY[ eyQoN qk ik bRwhmx bMs ivcoN hox kwrn auh Awpxy Awp nUM au`qm kihMdw hY[

auqm jwmw bRhmn hY[ crx 14, 630

jo bRwhmn is`K hovY iqs dw Awdr snmwn bVw krnw[ crx 10, 348

"ApnI KuSI koeI lwhy jMjU, ApnI KuSI koeI pwvy["

"AMimRqsr srovr dI byAdbI hoeI qy lyKk pMfqW qoN hom krwky aus nUM pivqr krdw hY[ iPr gurU Arjn dyv jI nUM ‘kuMqI pu`qr Arjn’ dw Avqwr mMndw hY[ ieh sB kuC igx imQ ky iksy socI smJI cwl Anuswr kIqw igAw jwpdw hY[ lyKk pusqk dw AwrMB hI dyvI dyviqAW dI ArwDnw qoN krdw hY[" sohx isMG sIql

siqgur purK mnwiekY pUjo sgl dyv[ irK qpsI ky crn lg sPl hmwrI syv[1[

mwqw gaurI mnwiekY sursqI pUjo mwq[ bwk bwnI ky crn lg kIjY bcn hmwrw swq[2]

gaurI pUq gnys jI ibnqI sunAY ieih[ Bul cUk mm iKmw kr buD aujl kr dyih[3[

crx 1, is`^ ieiqhws dy somyN, pMnw 182

aKOqI gRMQF dy ilKfrIaF bfry pRiswD ivdvfnF dIaF itpxIaF

BfeI kfnH isMG jI nfBf

"sfzy mwq dy purfxy aqy nvyN lyKkF ny afpxI afpxI buwDI ar insLcXf anusfr ieiqhfs, rihqnfmy aqy sMskfr ivDI afidk anyk pusqk rcy hn ijnHF qoN sfnUM byaMq lfB ar hfnI ho rhI hY| ienHF gRMQF dy zUMGy Koj qoN pRqIq hoNdf hY ik sfzy mwq dy kvIaF ny anXmqI gRMQkfrF dI nkl krdy hoey ieh BfrI Bul kIqI hY ik smfj, nIqI aqy Drm afidk ivsLX iekwTy kr ky sB nUM mjLhbI rMgq dy idwqI hY| ibnf Cfn-bIx kIqy anyk pRsMg aYsy ilKy hn jo mUloN inrmUl aQvf gurmq qoN dUr lY jfx vfly hn|" gurmq mfrqMz, Bfg pihlf, BUimkf, pMnf A

"qMqR sLfsqR dI nkl krn vfly iswwKF ny BI sLrDf pUrvk gRMQ ilK ky anyk sLbdF dI vrxI krxI dwsI hY| 'vrxI, sMsikRq vrx sLbd hY| iksy kfrj dI isiD vfsqy pUjn, mMqR, jp afid krm, vrx afKy jFdy hn| afsn, mflf, jl, DUp afid sfmgRI, Kfs idsLf vwl muK, mMqr, jp dI igxqI afid vwK-vwK kfrjF leI iBMn-iBMn hn, vrxI leI pfT krn vfly iswKF dI igxqI BI jp dI igxqI anusfr hoieaf krdI hY| AuDfhrx leI vyKo puqR dI iewCf vflf sLbd, ‘siqgur sfcY dIaf Byij’ df AuNn dI mflf nfl svf lwK pfT 5 iswKF qoN krfvy| inMdk df nfsL krn leI, ‘arVfvy ibllfvY inMdk’ pMjfh hjLfr vfr jwipaf jfvy| rfjy nUM vis krn leI ‘iQr Gir bYshu hir jn ipafry’ sLbd df ZfeI lwK pfT 11 iswK krn|" gurmq mfrqMz, Bfg dUjf, pMnf 812

"siqgur dy AupdysL qoN bymuwK hux sfzy ivc bhuq BfeI aYsy hn jo afpxy afp nUM isMG ho ky BI ihMdU DrmI mMndy hn, aOr gurbfxI anusfr cwlx aqy iswK Drm nUM ihMdU Drm qoN judf aOr sLromxI mMnx aqy kihx ivc hfnI jfxdy hn| ijs df kfrn ieh hY ik AunHF ny afpxy Drm pusqkF df ivcfr nhIN kIqf, ar nf hI purfxy ieiqhfs dyKy hn, kyvl anmqF dIaF poQIaF aOr svfrQI pRpMcIaF dI isiKaf suxn ivc Aumr ibqfeI hY| pr sLok hY aYsy BfeIaF Aupr jo prm pUjnIk ipqf dy AupkfrF nUM Bulf ky gurmiq ivroDIaF dy ipwCy lwg ky pfKMz jfl ivc Ps ky afpxf mnuwKf jnm hfrdy hoey Kflsf Drm qoN piqq ho rhy hn|" hm ihMdU nhIN, BUimkf, pMnf 11

"ies pr BI BfrI Kyd hY ik sfzI kOm ivwc prmfrQ gXfqf, sqX (swc) dy KojI bhuq hI Gwt hn, sgoN KojIaf dy vYrI aqy XdfrQ (swcfeI) ilKx jF kihx vfilaF nUM nfsqk afKx vfilaF dI gxqI bhuqI hY|" gurmq mfrqMz, Bfg pihlf, pMnf A-a

zf: gMzf isMG

"jnm jnmfqRF qoN (ihMdU ilKfrIaF) dy hwzF ivc rcI af rhI kQf-klpnf dI ies (iswKL ieiqhfs) ivc imlfvt krn qoN (iswKL ilKfrI) hor vI Gt bc sky, Kfs krky jd AunHF ny mhF-purKF dIaF jIvnIaF ilKx df Xqn kIqf| ieh gwl ihMdU ilKfrIaF dy ilKy anykF jIvn cirqR aqy iswKF dIaF ilKIaF jnm sfKIaF, guriblfs, pMQ pRkfsL afid qoN spsLt hY|

isKL gurU sfihbfn dy jIvn-cirqR ilKx vfly ivdvfn ijQy bVIaF Aucy afsmfnI AuzfrIaF vfly mhfn kvI sn AuQy Auh pRfcIn ihMdU purfixk gRMQF, sfmI arQfq XhUdI, eIsfeI aqy ieslfimk sfihq, jo afpxy bjLurgF sbMDI krfmfqI khfxIaF nfl BrpUr hn, qoN vI vfkP sn| kuJ lok qF alOikk aqy gYr kudrqI krfmfqF nUM hI Dfrmk mhF-purKF dI bjuLrgI dI insLfnI smJdy hn| ies iKafl dy asr hyTF bhuq iswKL ilKfrIaF ny vI afpxIaF idmfgI kfiv-AuzfrIaF aqy klpnf sLkqI nUM KulH idwqI hY aqy gurU sfihbfn dI bjuLrgI, afqimk aqy Dfrmk Auwcqf nUM hor DrmF vfilaF nfloN iksy pfisAuN vI Gwt nf rihx leI keI alOikk kQfvF AuhnF dy jIvn cirqRF ivc rlf idiqaF hn|"

"hor qF iek pfsy irhf, gurU sfihbfn dy joqI joiq smfAux dy spsLt kudrqI vfikafq nUM vI sfzy kvIaF ny ies qrF pysL kIqf hy ik Auh aloikk ikRsLmy jfpx| sRI gurU arjn dyv aqy qyg bhfdr jI dI sLhfdq afid sbMdI mugl bfdsLfhF dI jLmyvfrI GtfAux aqy ivroDIaF dy hwQF nUM mjLbUq krn leI jo kfiv-klpnF aqy khfxIaF vrqIaF jFdIaF hn sfzy ilKfrIaF ny afpxy gRMQF ivc AuhnF dy afpy-alop ho jfx jF AuhnF dI krfmfq dwsx leI drj kIqIaF hoeIaF hn| dyh smyq alop ho jfx dIaF kQfvF gurU nfnk dyv jI aqy bfbf sRI cMd jI nfl vI sbMDq hn aqy gurU goibMd isMG jI bfry qF afpxf GoVf vI nfl hI surg lok nUM lY gey ilIKaf hoieaf hY|"

"gurU goibMd isMG sfihb dy idhFq qoN bfad ‘drsLn’ afid dI khfxI df afrMB kOier isMG dy ‘gur iblfs pfqsLfhI 10’ qoN huMdf hY| gurU sfihb dy aMq smyN df ijLkr krdf hoieaf gurU gRMQ sfihb nUM gurafeI dyx dI rsm AuprMq aqy iswKLF nUM gurU gRMQ ivc inscf Dfrn df AupdysL dyx ipCoN sskfr df ijLkr krdf hY| dUsry idn svyry aMgITf sFBx vyly iswKLF nUM sog ivc vyK ky AuQy afey iek AudfsI ny ikhf ik isKLF nUM sog nhIN krnf cfhIey, "mYnUM gurU sfihb afp imly hn aqy sog nf krn df sunyhf idwqf hY|" kOier isMG dI ieh ilKq gurU sfihb dy idhFq qoN koeI 43 sfl bfad (sMn 1751) dI hY| mlUm huMdf hY ik kvI ny iswKLF nUM gurU sfihb dy idhFq sbMDI sog nf krn df AupdysL iek sMsfr iqafgI AudfsI dy mUhoN idwqf hY|"

"asl Gtnf qoN 90 sfl bfad suKf isMG ny ‘guriblfs pfqsLfhI 10’ ivc gurU sfihb dy joqI joiq smfAux aqy sskfr df ijLkr krn ipCoN kOer isMG dI qrF hI iek sfDU nUM drsLn dyx df ijLkr kIqf hY|

ies qoN bfad jnvfVy dy bflf rfey aqy rusqm rfey lutyiraF dI kQf drj hY ijs ivc iek iswKL dI ardfs nUM pRvfn krky gurU dI mUrq dy aDI rfq nUM sqfry dy iklHy ivc pfhuMcx aqy iehnF lutyriaF nUM afpxy GoVy dIaF rkfbF pkVf ky pMCIaF dI qrF Auwz jfx aqy bfrHF kohF pr ivMiDafcl prbq pr jf Czx df ijLkr hY| (sqfry dy iklHy qoN ivMiDaF pRbq dI lVI isDI pMCI Auzfn nfl vI iqn sfZy iqn sO mIl hY jo kyvl kvI dI iKafl-AuzfrI nfl hI iCn ivc AuproN Aupr AuzI jf skdI hY)|"

"BfeI sMqoK isMG jI ny ‘sUrj pRkfsL’ (sMn 1843) ivc sfDU nUM drsLn dyx dy nfl hI iek lwkVF ilafAux vfly nUM drsLn dyx dI iek kQf hor vDf idwqI hY| AuhnF ny ijQy gurU sfihb dy kqk sudI pMjvI sMmq 1765 (sMn 1708) nUM sx-dyh afpxy smyq GoVy pr svfr bYkuMT nUM isDfr jfx df ijLkr kIqf hY AuQy ieh vI drj hY ik icqf pr jd vzI pRcMz agnI dIaF lftF AuhnF dy srIr nUM nf prs skIaF qF AuhnF ny smfDI lf leI aqy jog-agnI pYdf krky ‘ciZ akfsL dy pMQ pDfry’; akfsL gUMj AuiTaf, bVf Bfrf pRkfsL ho igaf aqy svrg lok dy anMq dyviqaF, bRhmf, ieMdr, isLv, afid dI BIV AuhnF nUM ‘jI afieaF’ nUM kihx leI af pujI|"

"igafnI igafn isMG jI ny ijQy afpxI bolI dy jOhr ivKfey hn, AuQy ‘pMQ pRkfsL’ ivc guriblfsF aqy ‘sUrj pRkfsL’ dI nkl krdy hoey, gurU goibMd isMG jI dy gurU gRMQ sfihb jI nUM bfkfiedf gurafeI dyx ipCoN dyhFq hox qy mfqlok nUM isDfrn pr svrg lok dy dyviqaF vloN vD cV ky bVI DUm-Dfm nfl agvflI (afE-Bgq) df bVf KolH ky ijLkr kIqf hY aqy kihMdy hn ik pihly gurU nfnk afid, nON hI gurU aqy hor Bgq mOjUd sn; gurU jI nUM bMdnf krky afps ivc imly|"

"bfbf smyr isMG jI ny sMn 1873 ivc afpxf ‘guriblfs pfqsLfhI 10’ ricaf aqy sMn 1882 qk soD, sMpUrn krky Cpvfieaf| afp ny ijQy ipCly kvI suKf isMG dIaF klpq nftkI khfxIaF nUM cmkfieaf hY AuQy AunHF ivc afpxy vloN kuJ vfDy kr idwqy hn| BfeI suKf isMG ny qF gurU sfihb nUM dyhFq qoN bfad ivMiDafcl pRbq qk hI Auzfieaf sI, pr bfbf smyr isMG ny gurU sfihb nUM ipCfvr dy ielfky ivc ngr brft, (kfbl qoN awT koh), pfhuMcf idwqf| ieh iek nvIN klpnf hY jo gurU sfihb dy joqI joiq smfAux qoN ipCoN pOxy do sO (175) sfl bfad dI hY|"

ig: sohx isMG jI sIql

as kih soie (hirgoibMd jI dI dfeI) bYkuMT isDfrI|

cVH ibbfn (ivmfn) mn aMnd DfrI]31] gur iblfs pfqsLfhI 6 aiD: 2

"mhfBfrq qy purfxf ivc afeIaF kQfvF dy afDfr Auqy (gur iblfs pfqsLhI 6 df) kvI keI ajyhIaF mnGVq khfxIaF ilKdf hY|" iswK ieiqhfs dy somyN, pMnf 47

"kvI purfxF qy mhfBfrq df igafqf jfpdf hY, ies leI Aus ny iswK ieiqhfs dI hr sfKI nUM iksy purfxk kQf nfl joVn df Xqn kIqf hY| ieAuNN jfpdf hY, ik ieh sB kuC sLrDf vws nhIN sgoN igx imQ ky kIqf igaf hY|" iswK ieiqhfs dy somyN, pMnf 94

"sfry gRMQ (guriblfs pfqsLfhI 6) ivc lyKk eys gwl Auqy Aucycf jLor idMdf hY, ik iswK ikqy pMzq dy jfl ivcoN nf inkl jfx| ho skdf hY, lyKk afp pMzq hovy, jF pMzqF dI pRyrnf aDIn aYsf kIqf igaf hovy| ieh vI ho skdf hY, ik ipCoN iksy ivdvfn pMzq ny aYsI imlfvt kr idqI hovy| jo kuC vI hY, igx imQ ky kIqf igaf hY, acncyq nhIN|" iswK ieiqhfs dy somyN, pMnf 131

krm isMG ieiqhfskfr

"hr kOm dy ieiqhfs ivc vfDy Gfty muwZ qoN cly afey hn| ies qrHF dI adlf bdlI krn vfilaf dI nIq jF qF ieh rhI hY ik sfry ieiqhfs nUM smyN dI dsLf dy anusfr pysL kIqf jfvy, ar jF iksy Kfs pRXojn-iswDI leI Aus ivwc bhuq sfrIaF mnGVq gwlF vfVIaF jfx| pihlf kMm Auh afdmI krdy hn jo icqoN burf nhIN icqvdy aqy dUjf Auh krdy hn jo Aus ieiqhfs vflI kOm dy afcrx nUM iksy Kfs pihlU vloN nIvF krnF cfhuMdy hn|" kwqk ik ivsfK?, pMnf 11

smrQk

is`^W dI BwrI bhu-gxqI AnpVHqw kwrn gurU gRMQ swhb dI gurbwxI nUM Awp pVH, ivcwr Aqy qrjmwnI krky au`qm AiDAwqimk igAwn lYx Aqy is`^I jIvn jwc is`Kx qoN AsmrQ rhI hY[ gurU kwl qoN mgroN Fyr smW is`KI dw pRcwr Aqy is`^ kOm dI AgvweI imiQhwsvwdI Aqy ibpRnI pujwrIvwdI SRyxI dy h`Q v`s hI irhy hn[ smyN dy nwl ies SryxI dy nwm BwvyyN bdldy rhy hn, pr ies SryxI dIAW rucIAW Aqy ibRqIAW imiQhwsvwdI Aqy pujwrIvwdI hI rhIAW hn[ ies SRyxI dw pujwrIvwdI AgvweI hiQAwaux leI auprokq AKOqI gRMQW nUM pRcwrnw, Bwv h`Q-Toky vjoN vrqnw suBwvk hY[ Aqy qrkSwlI is`^ SRyxI dw is`^I sMklpW, isDWqW Aqy gurmiq nUM klMkq krn vwly gRMQW Aqy ienHW dy pRcwrk Aqy pRSMskW pRqI is`KW nUM sUcq krnw vI suBwvk hY[

auprokq gRMQW dy bhuigxqI pRcwrk Aqy smrQk suAwrQI dyhDwrI gurU, AKOqI swD, sMq bwby, mUlDwrI AMS, fyrwvwdI tkswlI Aqy lweI-l`g is`^ hn[ ienHW ivcoN bhuigxqI ny kdI AKOqI gRMQ vyKy vI nhIN hoxgy[

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