nwnkwxy dI jgIr

crnjIq isMG bl; sMpwdk

bhuigxqI is`^W dy mnW ivc sdIAW qoN ieh BulyKw cilAw Aw irhw hY ik gurU nwnk jI dy jnm AsQwn vwLy gurDwm nnkwxy dy nwm zmIn mhwrwjw rxjIq isMG ny lweI sI[ ieh BulyKw BweI kwnH isMG jI nwBw dy mhwn koS ivcoN pRwpq jwnkwrI qoN vI dUr nhIN huMdw[ ‘gurDwm nwl ATwrW hzwr eykV zmIn Aqy nO hzwr A`T sO bwnvy rupeY dI jgIr hY’[ vyKo mhwn koS pMnw 693

pr fw: hrpwl isMG jI dy dsMbr 2003 dy gurmiq pRkwS ivc Cpy lyK ‘koihnUr dw pwrKU- rwie bulwr Kwn swihb’ ivcoN imlI jwnkwrI qoN sp`St hY ik swFy s`q sO mr`by Bwv 18750 eykV zmIn Kwn swib rwie bulwr B`tI ny hI gurU nwnk, ijs nUM auh srb-sWJw rihbr smJdy sn, dy nwm lgweI sI[ fw: hrpwl isMG jI ilKdy hn,

rwie bulwr jI nwL bwbw (gur nwnk dyv) jI dI iek hor sWJ dw izkr swfIAW swKiAW ivc nhIN AwauNdw[ bhuq v`fI Gtnw GtI pr hYrwn hW ik swKIAW ivc ikauN drj nhIN kIqI geI[ ieh swKI nnkwxw swihb ivc mYnUM iek nyk-bKq muslmwn ny suxweI[ nnkwxw swihb m`Qw tyikAw, kIrqn suixAW, lMgr CikAw, soicAw muslmwnW nUM imlW, g`lW krW[ puils APsr nUM d`isAw ik mYN pRoPYsr hW, iksy pRoPYsr jW mwstr nUM imlxw cwhuMdw hW[ fI: AYs: pI: ny d`isAw, Aih ieDr do ku PrlWg ‘qy kwlj hY cly jwE[ qurdw igAw, A`gy iek gyt Aw igAw[ AMgryzI Aqy aurdU AKrW ivc iliKAw sI, ‘gurU nwnk gOrimMt ifgrI kwlj, nnkwxw swihb[ AMdr lMiGAw, koeI idisAw nhIN[ cOkIdwr ny slwmlykm AiKAw qy ikhw, jI iKdmq? mYN ikhw koeI pRoPYsr nhIN? aus ny ikhw, hn, iemiqhwn ho rhy hn, ifaUtIAW ‘qy hn[ kMm hY qW ijs nUM kho bulw ilAwauNdw hW[ mYN ikhw-kMm qW koeI nhIN, GMty nUM Pyr Aw jwvWgw, pMj vjy[ vwps qur ipAw[

iek swFy Cy Pu`t lMmW 65-70 swl dw bzurg slvwr kmIz, dsqwr pihnI myry v`l qyzI nwl AwieAw[ srdwr jI siq srI Akwl[ prq ikauN c`ly? mYN quhwnUM dyiKAw qW lybr (mzdUrW) nUM Cu`tI dy id`qI[ mYN Tykydwr hW[ muMifAW dw hostl bxw irhw hW[ Awayu ieDr bYTIey, g`lW krWgy[ do iqn kursIAW mMgvw leIAW[ koeI mzdUr Cu`tI kr ky Gr nhIN igAw sI, swry swfy ierd-igrd zmIn au`pr bYT gey[ g`lW dOrwn mYN pu`iCAw, gurdvwrw swihb dy nwm ik`nI zmIn hY ieQy? aus ny ikhw, jI ikauN pu`CI ieh g`l? rihx-sihx, Kwx-pIx ivc koeI id`kq AweI? mYN ikhw koeI kmI nhIN rhI[ ieh myry bwby dw jnm AsQwn hY nw; ies vwsqy kI myrw iPkrmMd hox dw h`k nhIN bxdw? aus ny ikhw, iblkul nhIN[ iPkr krn dw h`k v`ifAW dw hY; swfw quhwfw h`k bMdgI krn dw hY[ hzrq bwbw nwnk Alwh slwm swfw iPkr krdw hY[

mYN ikhw, drusq! A`Cw ieh d`so jwxn dw h`k qW hY? aus ikhw, hW, jwxn dw h`k hY[ swFy s`q sO mr`bw zmIn gurdvwry dy nwm hY[ iPr pu`iCAw, kI mhwrwjw rxjIq isMG ny luvweI sI ieh zmIn? Tykydwr ny ikhw, iblkul nhIN; ieMnI zmIn iksy gurdvwry dy nwm mhwrwjy ny nhIN lvweI[ ieh swfy B`tIAW dy srdwr ny lvweI sI[ mYN Pyr pu`iCAw; B`tIAW dw srdwr kOx? aus ny ikhw, B`tIAw dy srdwr nUM nhIN jwxdy? ieQy pMjwh ip`fW ivc b`cy b`cy nUM aus dw qy bwby (nwnk) dy nwm dw pqw hY[ aus dw nwm sI rwie bulwr Kwn swihb[ ieQy bVy ipMf hn jI B`tIAW dy[ qusW nhIN srdwr dw nwm suixAW? mYN ikhw, ies dw nwm qW swfy kx kx ivc risAw hoieAw hY Brw, mYnUM ieh nhIN sI pqw ik rwie swihb B`tI sn[

Tykydwr ny ikhw, jI AsIN B`tI Awm nhIN hW[ mYN vI B`tI hW[ swirAW jhwnW dy mwlk gurU bwby (nwnk) nUM sB qoN pihlW swfy srdwr ny pCwixAW sI[ iek koihnUr dI SnwKq kr leI sI B`tI srdwr ny audoN hI jdoN auh bcpn ivc sI[ hux suxo zmIn dyx dI g`l[

rwie bulwr Kwn swihb pMdrW sO mur`ibAW dw mwlk qkVw rweIs Aqy Kuddwr ienswn sI, pr sI pUrw nykI dw muj`smw[ bwbw (nwnk) jI dw kdrdwn sI pUrw[ aus dI aumr cwlIAW (swlW) qoN t`p c`lI sI pr AOlwd nhIN sI[ dsdy ny peI GoVy ‘qy svwr ho ky mur`ibAW dw dOrw krn igAw[ gurU bwby (nwnk) dI aumr (sMn 1681/82 ivc) 12-13 swl dI sI[ bwbw m`JW cwr irhw sI[ rwie swihb GoVy qoN auqry, joVy auqwry, bwbw jI dy nzdIk h`Q joV ky Klo gey qy ikhw, bwbw, myrI murwd pUrI kr, kdI bwl Gr ivc Kyfy[ ieh murwd mn ivc lY ky Arz guzwrn gey sn[ bwbw jI ny AsIsW id`qIAW qy ikhw, rwie, qusW dI murwd pUrI hoeI, S`k nw krnw[

swl bwAd rwie swihb dy Gr byty dw jnm hoieAw[ srdwr eynw KuS ik dwAvq id`qI bVI v`fI[ (sulqwn pur loDI dy) nvwb swihb (dOlq rwie Kwn) Kud Awey sn ies jSn ivc iSrkq krn[ ies BwrI iek`T ivc Sukrwnw krn mgroN rwie bulwr swihb ny AwpxI A`DI zmIn hzrq bwbw (nwnk) jI dy nwm kr dyx dw Aylwn kIqw[ so audoN swFy s`q sO mur`by bwbw jI dy nwm hoey, jo hux qk cly AWvdy hn[

pMdrW ku swl pihlW (krIb sMn 1988 ivc) swfy iKAwl ivc ieh g`l AweI peI mwlk AsIN, kwbz AsIN, kwSqkwr AsIN pr nwm swfw mwl irkwrf ivc boldw nhIN[ AsIN ies zmIn au`qy nwjwiez kbzy puSqW qoN kIqy hoey hn[ do ku sO ik`ly (zmIn) bcI hoeI hY gurdvwry dy kbzy ivc[ bwkI dI (zmIn) B`tI vWhudy, bIjdy hn[ AsIN SyKUpur Adwlq ivc muk`dmw dwier ieh kr id`qw ik ipClI aumry swfy bzurgW dy bzurg rwie bulwr swihb dw idmwg ih`l igAw sI[ aus ny A`DI zmIn iek PkIr nwnk dy nwm krvw id`qI[ pr aus dy h`kdwr AsIN hW, kwbz kwSqkwr vI Kud hW[ swfy nwm ieMqkwl qbdIl hovy[ qlbIAW, ieqlwhW, irkwrf, bihsW sB ho geIAW[ cwr swl muk`dmy dI kwrvweI c`lI[ PYsly dI qwrIk AweI qW PYslw swfy iKlwP[ ieMqkwl qbdIl nhIN ho skdw[ AsIN lwhOr hweIkort ivc ApIl dwier kr id`qI[ iqn cwr swl auQy suxvweI huMdI rhI[ j`jmYNt hoeI, ieMqkwl qbdIl nhIN ho skdw[

AsIN jI suprIm kort ieslwmwbwd ApIl dwier kIqI[ iqMn swl suxvweI hoeI[ AKIr jdoN PYslw suxwaux dw vkq AwieAw qW bYNc ny ikhw, Awpxy pMj-cwr bMdy lY ky Awauxw, vkIlW nUM nhIN ilAwauxw, koeI zrUrI g`l krnI hY[ AsIN pu`iCAw jI kI g`l krnI hY, rqw d`so qW ik AsIN iqAwrI kr ky AweIey, Awps ivc slwh jo krnI hoeI, sWJw kMm hY[ j`jW ny ikhw, qusIN muk`dmw krky cMgw kMm nhIN kIqw, ieh d`sxw hY[ iek mhInw qrIk pw id`qI[ ipMfW dy Awpxy Awpxy iek`T hoey, iPr sWJy iek`T hoey[ A`T bMdy cuxy gey ijhVy bYNc nwl g`l krn Adwlq jwxgy[

qwrIK Aw geI, sYNkVy bMdy Adwlq dy bwhr puj gey[ swfI vwrI AweI qW AsIN AMdr dwKl hoey[ muhqbrW ivc mYN vI sW[ j`jW ny iek GMty leI Adwlq mulqvI kr id`qI[ swnUM ipCly kmry ivc lY gey[ cwh pwxI mMgvw ilAw, Pyr g`l qorI[ j`j swihbwn ny ikhw, AsIN bVI brIkI nwl ieh kys dyiKAw hY[ qusIN glq kMm CyV bYTy[ ijnHW PkIrW aupr muk`dmy kIqy aunHW qoN murwdW mMgdy qW Tik sI[ auh nyk-bKq ienswn ijnHW dI bdOlq qusIN dunIAW dI rOSnI dyKI qusIN aunHW aupr muk`dmy kIqy[ idmwg ih`l jwx vrgy ielzwm lwey[ rwie bulwr dw idmwg A~Dw qW kwiem irhw jo A`DI zmIn bcw leI[ ijs PkIr dy nwm A`DI zmIn dw ieMqkwl krvwieAw aus dw idmwg pUrw ih`l igAw sI ikauNik aus ny ies zmIn v`l dyiKAw vI nhIN[ aus dI AOlwd ny ies (zmIn) aupr h`k nhIN jmwieAw[ is^W ny kdI nw ieh zmIn rokI, nw dwAvy AdwlqW ivc kIqy[ qusIN ies au`pr puSqW qoN njwiez kbzy vI kIqy hoey hn, hux AdwlqW ivc dwAvy kIqy[ ds bwrHW swlW qoN qusIN v`ifAW dI byAdbI krdy Awey ho[ iksy ny Akl nhIN id`qI ik gunwh nw kro? zmInW qoN vDIk auh quhwnUM ipAwr krdy sn, qusIN aunHW drvySW nUM nPrq krdy ho qy zmIn nwl ipAwr pw ilAw[ quhwfy kol hI rhygI zmIn, muk`dmw nw krdy qW cMgw huMdw[

AsIN ikhw, jI zmIn swfy hI kbzy ivc hY pr irkwrf mwl ivc swfw nwm nhIN[ j`jW ny ikhw, nwm (iksy dw) nhIN rhygw, nw quhwfw, nw swfw, nwm rhygw A`lwh prvridgwr dw, nwm rhygw aus dI bMdgI krn vwilAW dw[ auh ijhVy cMd qwirAW dy mwlk hn, auhI rihxgy, hor nhIN rhygw koeI[ swfI quhwnUM ieh slwh hY ik muk`dmw vwps lY lau[ AsIN ikhw, jI bwhr swfw BweIcwrw Kloqw hY, aus nwl slwh kr leIey[ j`jW ikhw, zrUr kro, hux swFY igAwrW v`jy hn, SwmIN cwr vjy qk slwh kr lau[ jy muk`dmw vwps nw ilAw qW iPr AsIN PYslw suxw idAWgy[ Adwlq qoN bwhr quhwnUM AsIN iek slwh id`qI hY, ieh slwh mMnx dy qusIN pwbMd nhIN[

AsIN bwhr Aw gey[ bwhr BweIcwrw aufIk irhw sI[ swrI g`l d`sI[ socx ivcwrn l`gy, idmwg irVky[ AKIr ivc PYslw hoieAw ik dohW ivcoN iek dI cox krnI hY, ApIl vwps lYxI hY ik muk`dmw hwrn dI j`jmYNt lYxI hY[ j`jW dIAW g`lW qoN ids irhw sI ik ij`qx dw svwl hI nhIN pYdw huMdw[ AsW swirAW ny muk`dmw vwps lYx dw PYslw kIqw[ SwmI cwr vjy vkIl sxy hwzr ho ky ApIl vwps lY leI[ AsIN bc gey srdwr jI[ ApIl vwps nw lYNdy qW hwrnw sI[ dunIAW vI jwxI sI dIn vI[ hux dovyN bc gey[ AglI drgwh ivc ienHW drvySW swhmxy Klo ky gunwhW dI muAwPI mMgx jogy rih gey[ auh bVy rihmidl hn, AwpxI AOlwd dIAW ZlqIAW mwpy bKS idAw krdy hn[

dyKo Brw jI, ikMnIAW qwkqW dy mwlk hn hzrq bwbw nwnk; sdIAW bIq geIAW hn pr nykI krn dw hukm Ajy vI iksy nw iksy zrIey pucw rhy hn[ suprIm kort rwhIN ikhw ik ienHW nUM Zlq rsqy Btkx qoN roko, suprIm kort ny rookAw[ bwbw (nwnk) jI ny suprIm kort qoN swfI h`qk nhIN krvweI, vrijAw vI, ie`zq vI r`KI[ aus dy nwm nUM l`K slwm[ A`j vI mwl irkwrf Anuswr ienHW mur`ibAW ivc gurU nwnk KyqI krdw hY[

fw: hrpwl isMG, pRoPYsr is`K stfIz, gurU goibMd isMG Bvn,

pMjwbI XunIvristI, pitAwlw, sqMbr 27, 2003

itpxI:- ikauNik ies vwrqwlwp ivc vwrqwkwr jW lyKk v`loN drswey krwmwqk AMS is`^I dI mUlDwrw nwl mYl nhIN KWdy krky qrkSIl pwTkW leI ienHW nUM mMnxw BwvyN AOKw hovy pr ieiqhwsk q`QW dI pRmwxkqw ivc S`k dI koeI guMjwieS nhIN hY[