gur-rUp pMj ipAwirAW dy mws Ckx pRqI AsihmqI hukm

iek iCkwaU, iek CfwaU

igAwnI hIrw isMG drd dI h`f bIqI

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mws C`fx dw hukm

ieh vI iek suAwdlI khwxI hY[ pUrw DrmI bx ky jIvn ivc ku`J bxn qy krn dw SOk bcpn qoN hI myry ivc rc igAw sI[ 1913 ivc mYN rwvlipMfI Kwlsw hweI skUl ivc Dwrimk tIcr l`gw hoieAw sW[ audoN mYN smJdw sI ik Drm kI krVI qoN krVI pwbMdI nUM pUrw krn nwl hI is`^I ivc pUrnqw ho skdI hY Aqy Drm ivc pUrnqw pRwpq krn vwly ivc rUhwnI SkqI pYdw ho jWdI hY[

aunHW idnW ivc cIP Kwlsw dIvwn qy isMG sBw dy mukwbly pMc Kwlsw dIvwn BsOV qy BweI rxDIr isMG jI dy jQy nUM p`ky DrmI mMinAw jWdw sI[ ieh rihq mrXwdw dI p`ikAweI qy Dwrimk piv`qRqw au`pr bVw zor idMdy sn[ ieh cwr dI QW pMj kurihqW d`sdy sn[ by-AMimRqIey dw jUTw Kwxw ieh pMjvIN kurihq igxdy sn[ iesqrIAW nUM AMimRq Ckw ky dsqwr sjwauNdy sn qy kihMdy sn ik jy iksy dI iesqrI ny AMimRq nw CikAw hovy qW aus dy nwl hI aus dy pqI nUM vI dubwrw AMimRq Ckxw cwhIdw hY[ ieh srb loh dy brqn vrqdy sn[ ies qrHW ienHW ny keI krVIAW rihqW qy nym pMQ ivc pyS kr ky lokW dw iDAwn iK`c ilAw sI[

mYnUM Drm qy Dwrimk isDWqW dw fUMGw igAwn nhIN sI[ pr ijs qrHW Awm jIvn ivc ku`d ky muhrlI kqwr ivc KVy hox leI myrw idl aulCdw rihMdw sI, iesy qrHW Drm dI krVI qoN krVI mrXwdw nUM pUrw krn ivc ip`Cy rihxw vI mYN AwpxI hqk qy kmzorI smJdw sI[ ies vwsqy jdoN mYN bwbU ml isMG qoN rxDIr isMG jI dI vifAweI suxI qy is`KI ivc AwpxIAW kmzorIAW mihsUs kIqIAw qW aunHW dy drSn krn qy aunHW dy piv`qr h`QIN dubwrw AMimRq Ckx dw SOk jwg auiTAw[

bwbU ml isMG hurW ny c`k nM: 19 (lwielpur) ivc iek aucycw smwgm r`iKAw[ sMq rxDIr isMG jI dy jQy nUM s`dw ByijAw Aqy AKMf pwT r`K ky pUrn ivDI nwl AMimRq pRcwr krn dw pRbMD kIqw[ mYnUM rwvlipMfI qoN aucycw ies smwgm au`qy bulwieAw igAw qW jo mYN vI AwpxI pUrI qrHW suDweI kr ky nvyN isry pUrn guris`KW dy h`QoN AMimRq pwn kr ky Awpxw jnm sPl krW[

mYN bVy cwau Bry idl nwl auQy phuMc igAw[ AKMf pwT, Sbd kIrqn, jigXsUAW dw sx-kysIN ASnwn, inqnym Awidk sB mrXwdW pUrI ivDI nwl krn mgroN AMimRq CkwieAw igAw[ rihq mrXwdw dI is`iKAw dyx smyN pMjW ipAwieAW dy jQydwr BweI rxDIr isMG ny kurihqW cwr dI QW pMj d`sIAW[ iek kurihq ieh vI d`sI mws Kwxw kurihq hY ieh sux ky mYN hYrwn ho igAw[ myry idl au`qy BweI rxDIr isMG dy BjnIk hox dw bVw pRBwv pwieAw igAw sI, pr hux mYN bolxo nw rih sikAw, jQydwr jI mYN hux qk ieho piVHAw suixAw hY ik ku`Tw mws Kwxw kurihq hY pr qusIN mws Kwx nUM hI kurihq d`s rhy ho[ kI gurU goibMd isMG jI qy hor purwqn isMG Jtkw mhW pRSwd nhIN Ckdy sn?[ kI AMimRq Ckwaux smyN gurU goibMd isMG jI ny b`kry nhIN Jtkwey sn? mYN qW ikqy vI nhIN piVHAw ik gurU jI ny mws Kwxw bMd kIqw hY[

BweI rxDIr isMG- qvwrIKW ivc bhuq imlwvt hY[ gurU goibMd isMG ny pMj b`kry nhIN sn Jtkwey, blik aunHW ny pMj ipAwirAW nUM s`cmu`c Jtkw ky muV AwpxI SkqI nwl surjIq kIqw sI[ mhW pRSwd kVwh pRSwd nUM ikhw jWdw hY, nw ik mws nUM[ gurU gRMQ swihb ivc mws dI swP mnwhI hY[ dyKo-

jy rq lgY kpVY jwmw hoey plIqu] jo rqu pIvy mwxsw iqMn ikauy inrml cIq]

mYN- iKmw krnI jQydwr jI, myrI Awp dy ies kQn nwl qs`lI nhIN hoeI[ gurbwxI dI ies quk ivc mws dI inKyDI nhIN blik jbr zulm qy v`FIAW nwl mnu`KW dy lhU pIx dI inKyDI hY[

myrI g`l sux ky jQydwr swihb joS ivc Aw gey qy boly, qusIN ieQy jigAwsU dI hYsIAq ivc is`KI dI dwq lYx leI gurU dy hzUr Awey ho[ hW jI Tik hY[ pMj ipAwry gurU rUp huMdy hn[ hW jI[ iPr qusIN hujqW krnIAW C`f idau, AsIN pMj ipAwry gurU-rUp jo Awp nUM hukm idMdy hW, auh Awp nUM mMnxw peygw[ AsIN quhwnUM hukm idMdy hW ik qusIN mws nhIN Kwxw[ mws Kwaugy qW kurihqIey bx jwaugy[

mYN cu`p ho igAw[ aunHW dI ies g`l dw mYNnUM koeI au`qr nw AuhuiVAw[ au`NJ vI mYN BweI rxDIr isMG dy Dwrimk pRBwv qoN ku`J fr irhw sW, mqW gurU rUp pMj ipAwry myry au`qy nwrwz ho ky mYnUM AMimRq qoN vWiJAW nw r`K dyx[ mYN siq bcn AwK ky aunHW dw hukm pRvwn kr ilAw Aqy mws Kwxw C`f id`qw[

mws Ckx dw hukm

ieh g`l Swied 1917 dI hY[ mYN ies smyN Dwrimk jIvn dI prp`kqw dy dOr ivcoN dI lMG irhw sW[ sMq qyjw isMG AmrIkw qoN nvyN muV ky Awey sn[ sMq Aqr isMG jI dy inktvrqI sn[ hux Kwlsw hweI skUl klyr dy moFI pRbMDk sn[ ienHW dI sMgq dI iK`c mYnUM klyr ivc DUh ky lY AweI[

audoN Kwlsw hweI skUl klyr dy hY`f mwstr qwrw isMG jI sn[ s: lwl isMG kmlw AkwlI, ig: gurmK isMG muswPr, mwstr sujwn isMG srhwlI Awid vI auQy AiDAwpk sn[ mwstr qwrw isMG jI J`tkw mhW pRSwd Ckx dY SOkIn sn[ auh qW ieQoN qk kihMdy sn ik ijhVw mhW pRSwd nhIN Ckdw auh is`^ nhIN hY[ aunHW idnW ivc mYN auvyN vI mhW pRSwd Ckxw C`ifAw hoieAw sI[ mwstr jI nUM Ajy q`k ieh pqw nhIN l`gw sI ik mYN mws nhIN Ckdw[

klyr Kwlsw hweI skUl ivc rihMidAW sihjy sihjy mwstr qwrw isMG jI nUM pqw l`g igAw ik mYN mws nhIN KWdw[ auh bVy hYrwn hoey[ auh myry bVy imqr sn[ aunHW hor mwstrW nUM ikhw igAwnI hIrw isMG dw ieh BulyKw mYN kF`Wgw[

mwstr qwrw isMG dI iQaUrI sI ik jo Jtkw mws nhIN KWdw auh is`K nhIN[ iek idn ndI iknwry jw ky b`krw Jtkwaux qy Cu`tI mnwaux dI qjvIz hoeI[ skUl ivc hI myry bwry g`l iCV peI[ mwstrW ny mwstr qwrw isMG nUM ikhw ik mYN ipkink ivc nhIN hoxw ikauNik mYN mws nhIN KWdw[

mwstr qwrw isMG jI ny mYnUM pu`iCAw, kI g`l hY? qusIN kdoN qoN AihMswvwdI bx gey? mYN quhwnUM iek sUrbIr Kwlsw smJdw sW[ mYN AihMswvwdI nhIN hW, mwstr jI[ mYN au`qr id`qw[ loV pYx qy mYN mYdwny jMg ivc zwlmW ivru`D lVn leI hr vyly iqAwr hW[ Pyr kI g`l hY? kI mws Kwxw qusIN pwp smJdy ho? mYN socx l`g ipAw, iPr AwiKAw, ieh g`l qW nhIN[ mwstr jI boly myrw iKAwl hY qusIN jdoN lwielpur rihMdy sI mYnUM imldy huMdy sI, swfy Gr vI AwauNdy huMdy sI qy mws Ckdy huMdy sI[ mYN ikhw, ieh vI Tik hY[ mwstr jI ny pu`iCAw,iPr ieh quhwnUM kI bImwrI cMbV geI? Ku`lH ky ikauN nhIN d`sdy?

hux mYN mwstr qwrw isMG jI nUM swrI g`l KolH ky d`s id`qI ik iks qrHW mYN is`KI ivc pUrnqw pRwpq krn dI lgn ivc bwr ivc BweI rxDIr isMG qoN AMimRq Ckx igAw sW qy iks qrHW BweI rxDIr isMG jI ny pMj ipAwirAW nUM gurU rUp d`s ky mYnUM hukm dy ky mws Kwxw bMd kIqw sI[ mYN ikhw, mYN hux gurU-rUp pMj ipAwirAW dy hukm dw b`Dw hW[ ieh hukm qoV ky mYN ikvyN mws KwvW?

ieh sux ky mwstr qwrw isMG jI iKV iKVw ky hs pey[ iPr boly, mYN quhwfy p`ky is`KI ivSvws au`qy bhuq KuS hW[ qusIN hux vI ieh g`l mMndy ho nw ik pMj ipAwry gurU-rUp huMdy hn qy aunHW dw hukm mMnxw cwhIdw hY? mYN ikhw, hW jI, ikauN nhIN mMnxw? h`Cw qW clo gurdvwry ivc[

sxy hor swry mwstrW dy mYnUM mwstr jI gurdvry ivc lY gey[ cwr hor iqAwr br iqAwr is`K mwstrW nUM nwl lY ky mwstr jI gurU gRMQ swihb dI qwibAw ivc bYT gey[ Ardws kr ky mwstr jI KVy ho ky mYnUM sMboDn kr ky boly, igAwnI hIrw isMG suxo, AsIN pMj ipAwry gurU-rUp gRMQ sihb dI hzUrI ivc bYTy quhwnUM hukm idMdy hW ik qusIN mws zrUr KwieAw kro ikauNik jo is`K Jtkw mws nhIN KWdy auh is`K nhIN huMdy[

ieh sux ky myrIAW A`KW KulH geIAW[ mwstr jI dI AmlI dlIl ny mYnUM myrI Bu`l swP kr id`qI[ mYN mihsUs kIqw ik BweI rxDIr isMG jI ny audoN pMj ipAwirAW ivc gurU rUp dw AiDkwr mMn ky jo mYnUM hukm id`qw sI auh aunHW dy AKiqAwr qoN bwhr sI[ mwstr jI ny qW iek aus dlIl nwl myrw BulyKw k`Fn leI swrw pRbMD kIqw sI[ mYnUM XkIn hY mwstr jI ieh g`l nhIN mMndy hoxgy ik pMj ipAwry gurU rUp bx ky hr iksm dy hukm dy skdy hn[

Kyr aus idn qoN mws Kwxw AwrMB kr id`qw pr ieiqhws, bwxI dy isDWqW dy muqwilAw mgroN mYN ies nqIjy au`qy pu`j igAw ik mws Kwx jW nw Kwx dw Drm nwl koeI sbMD nhIN[ ies dw sbMD vDyry ishq qy in`jI rucIAW nwl hY[ gurU, pMj ipAwry Aqy is`K mrXwdw dIAW rihqW qy nymW au`pr mYN mgroN smwijk qy ieiqhwsk qOr au`qy ivcwr krdw irhw[

bu`D, iesweI ieslwm qy ihMdU m`q dy ieiqhws vI pVHy, ijs qoN mYN ies is`ty au`qy pu`ijAw ik hr iek mzHbI pRQw qy irvwj au`pr smwijk, ieiqhwsk Asr pYNdy rihMdy hn qy ienHW ivc qbdIlAW vI huMdIAW rihMdIAW hn[ AwriQk jmwqW, Drm qy mzHb dy irvwjW nUM Awpxy lwB leI vrqdIAW rihMdIAW hn[ Drm dw q`q qy rUp dohW nUM cMgI qrHW smJx nwl hI AslIAq l`B skdI hY[ kyvl pRq`K idsdy mzHbI rUpW nwl kwPI BulyKy qy gumrwhIAW PYlweIAW jWdIAW hn[